Sunday, 31 May 2015

Medical News Today: Late cancer relapse driven by 'reawakening of sleeping cancer cells'

Cancer cells can avoid chemotherapy by going to sleep, laying dormant for years before they reawaken decades later, according to a new study by UK researchers.

Saturday, 30 May 2015

Medical News Today: Common kidney tests may predict cardiovascular disease risk

A new study suggests that two tests commonly used in the assessment of chronic kidney disease could also be used to predict the risk of cardiovascular disease.

Friday, 29 May 2015

Medical News Today: Dramatic rise in STDs and HIV in Rhode Island

Newly released data show that rates of several STDs have increased sharply from 2013 to 2014 in Rhode Island, with better testing and high-risk behaviors behind the figures.

Medical News Today: Delaying umbilical cord clamping may improve child's development

The first study to assess the long-term developmental outcomes of delayed cord clamping suggests boys may benefit if clamping is delayed by 3 minutes after birth.

Medical News Today: Eating more dietary fiber linked to lower risk of type 2 diabetes

A new study finds that the more fiber people consume - especially from cereals - the lower their risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

Medical News Today: Lab work discovers bladder cell secret against urinary infection

Scientists have discovered that when bladder cells cannot neutralize bacteria in the usual way, they simply vomit up the encapsulated invaders instead.

Thursday, 28 May 2015

Medical News Today: Scientific discovery may stop breast cancer spreading to the bones

Researchers have discovered a protein that drives the spread of breast cancer to the bone, bringing them a step closer to finding a way to prevent secondary breast cancer.

Medical News Today: Breast cancer discovery could help prevent it spreading to bones

Researchers have discovered a protein that drives the spread of breast cancer to the bone, bringing us a step closer to finding a way to prevent secondary breast cancer.

Medical News Today: Major clinical trial supports early treatment for all HIV patients

A major international study finds HIV patients are significantly less likely to develop AIDS and other serious illnesses if they receive early treatment with antiretroviral drugs.

Medical News Today: Study finds that 5.8% of the general population have experienced psychotic episodes

Psychotic episodes in the general population are relatively infrequent, suggests a new cross-national study published in JAMA Psychiatry.

Medical News Today: 'Cell-squeezing' expands options for immunotherapy vaccines

Immunotherapy - where the immune system is trained to attack cancer and other diseases - is proving hard to realize in practice. A new cell-squeezing device may rekindle progress.

Wednesday, 27 May 2015

Medical News Today: Mediterranean diet could reduce risk of endometrial cancer

A new study suggests that women who strictly follow a Mediterranean diet could reduce their risk of endometrial cancer by more than half.

Medical News Today: BMJ opinion piece calls for reclassification of psychedelics

The schedule 1 classification of LSD, psilocybin and other psychedelics makes research into their potential therapeutic benefits almost impossible, argues one expert.

Medical News Today: Fast chip test for antibiotic-resistant bacteria in sight

A simple chip-based test that diagnoses antibiotic-resistant bacteria in hours instead of days promises to allow doctors to pick the right antibiotic first time.

Medical News Today: Groundbreaking treatment uses herpes to combat skin cancer

In a phase 3 trial, researchers showed how a genetically modified herpes virus halted disease progression in patients with advanced melanoma - the deadliest form of skin cancer.

Medical News Today: Genetically modified herpes virus shows promise against melanoma

In a phase 3 trial, researchers showed how a genetically modified herpes virus halted disease progression in patients with advanced melanoma - the deadliest form of skin cancer.

Tuesday, 26 May 2015

Medical News Today: Higher mortality risk for heart failure patients with depression

A new study suggests that moderate to severe depression in patients with heart failure is associated with a fivefold increase in all-cause mortality.

Medical News Today: Just two sessions of CBT may prevent or delay cannabis use among teenagers

A study of at-risk British youth finds that a personalized cognitive behavior intervention may significantly prevent, reduce or delay cannabis use.

Medical News Today: Scientists reveal how herpes virus hijacks and hides in our cells

A new study of what the cold sore virus does to host cell machinery shows it disrupts host gene transcription termination, advancing our understanding of this and similar viruses.

Beliefs about complementary and alternative medicine predict use among patients with cancer

A new study has shed light on how cancer patients' attitudes and beliefs drive the use of complementary and alternative medicine.

Medical News Today: Link observed between waist size and noise pollution

Living near a busy road, railroad or under aircraft noise was tied to greater waist sizes in a study that suggests a link between central obesity and these environmental stressors.

Medical News Today: Being very overweight or obese in late teens may raise later-life colorectal cancer risk

Men who are very overweight or obese aged 16-20 were may be more than twice as likely to develop colorectal cancer later in life, according to a new study.

Monday, 25 May 2015

Medical News Today: Study links obesity, mood disorders to greater risk of weakened heart during childbirth

Women who are obese or have mood disorders are almost twice as likely to have peripartum cardiomyopathy - a weakened and enlarged heart - during childbirth, a new study finds.

Sunday, 24 May 2015

Medical News Today: Mosquito sex change success may open new avenue against dengue fever

For the first time, scientists locate the part of the yellow fever mosquito's genome responsible for determining sex and manipulate it to result in 'harmless' sex-changed insects.

Saturday, 23 May 2015

Medical News Today: Food choices influenced by memory

A stronger memory of a specific food may encourage us to opt for that food, even if it is the less attractive choice, according to a new study by researchers from Switzerland.

Friday, 22 May 2015

Medical News Today: Metabolic syndrome could increase cardiovascular risks

Two new studies have suggested that people with metabolic syndrome - particularly black women - may face an increased risk of cardiovascular disease.

Medical News Today: Why are smokers less likely to vote?

A study analyzing data from a telephone survey of 11,626 individuals finds that people who smoke every day are 60% less likely to vote than nonsmokers - but why?

Medical News Today: Chronic gambling and depression often occur together, researchers find

A new study finds young men who are chronic gamblers are also likely to be suffering from depression, and impulsive boys are more likely to become gambling adults.

Medical News Today: Long-term acetaminophen use during pregnancy may affect boys' fertility

Three daily acetaminophen pills for a week lowers testosterone levels in male fetuses, according to a new mouse study, but occasional pills during pregnancy do not cause harm.

Medical News Today: Heart 'could be regenerated by lymphatic system' after heart attacks

Researchers reveal that stimulating the growth of lymphatic vessels after a heart attack could help regenerate the heart and amplify the healing process.

Thursday, 21 May 2015

Medical News Today: Coffee linked to reduced risk of erectile dysfunction

Men who drink two to three cups of coffee daily may be less likely to develop erectile dysfunction, according to a new research from the University of Texas.

Medical News Today: Study confirms link between sleep apnea and depression in men

At the 2015 American Thoracic Society International Conference, researchers report new findings on the relationship between sleep apnea and depression in men.

Medical News Today: Skipping meals tied to increased belly fat, prediabetes

A study shows mice that ate all their daily food in a single meal every day and fasted in between gained fat in their abdomens and developed insulin resistance in their livers.

Medical News Today: Parkinson's disease more likely in people with depression, study suggests

Researchers suggest that there is a direct association between Parkinson's disease and depression after conducting research over a timespan of more than 2 decades.

Medical News Today: Pregnancy-related diabetes 'more likely with a boy'

Risk of gestational diabetes, which produces hyperglycemia in many pregnant women, has been associated with the sex of the fetus in a large new study.

Wednesday, 20 May 2015

Medical News Today: Metabolic syndrome affects more than a third of Americans, study finds

Almost 35% of American adults have metabolic syndrome, according to new research. The condition is most common among seniors, affecting almost 50% of those aged 60 and older.

Medical News Today: One third of female students suffer rape or attempted rape by sophomore year

Analysis of a survey by the Brown University School of Public Health reports alarming findings on the prevalence of rape on campus during freshman year.

Medical News Today: Prospects after breast cancer treatment: family history has 'no adverse effect'

Women diagnosed and treated for breast cancer under the age of 41 have an outlook just as good with family history of the disease as without - with similar prognosis of recurrence.

Medical News Today: Lifelong flu jab steps closer as researchers reveal importance of immune cell memory

After discovering how flu-killing T cells remember different strains of virus, researchers believe we are closer to developing a single flu jab that protects for life.

Temper, anxiety, homework trouble are medical issues? Many parents don't realize it

Parents often bring their school-aged children to check-ups or sick visits armed with questions. What should he put on that rash? What about her cough that won't go away?

Monday, 18 May 2015

Medical News Today: More than half of probiotics contain traces of gluten, study finds

A study reveals more than half of probiotics on sale in the US contain traces of gluten, with some labeled gluten-free containing the protein at levels exceeding FDA standards.

Tuberculosis drug can improve effect of CBT

A new study from Sweden's Karolinska Institutet shows that the effect of internet-based CBT (cognitive behavioural therapy) for people with people with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) may be...

Medical News Today: CDC publish map of 'distinctive' deaths by state

A new infographic published by the CDC illustrates areas of the US where rates of death from certain conditions are higher than the national averages.

Medical News Today: Investing in hepatitis C drugs could save the economy billions, researchers suggest

New hepatitis C drugs may be more expensive but have have higher cure rates and fewer side effects, and could save the US and five European countries $3.2 billion a year.

Medical News Today: Shift work linked to sleep problems, poor metabolic health

A new study finds people who work shifts are more likely to experience sleep problems such as insomnia, which may increase their risk of obesity and diabetes.

Medical News Today: Kids 'inactive most of the time during dance classes'

A warning to all parents that send their kids to dance classes - a new study shows that nearly all youth dance classes supply limited amounts of activity.

Sunday, 17 May 2015

Medical News Today: Cash to quit smoking - would $800 improve the chances?

Offers of cash to employees trying to give up smoking have been put to the scientific test to see if money makes a difference to quit rates compared with usual cessation programs.

New study on acupuncture to reduce pain and inflammation in children with acute appendicitis

Acupuncture was shown to lessen pain and reduce the underlying inflammation in pediatric patients with a diagnosis of acute appendicitis, according to a study published in the Journal of Alternative...

Saturday, 16 May 2015

Medical News Today: Donations between people with HIV 'could reduce organ demand'

Donations between people infected with HIV could cut pressure on the US national organ donor list, suggests an assessment of the quality of deceased organs in Philadelphia.

Friday, 15 May 2015

Medical News Today: Global financial injection 'needed to transform development of antibiotics'

Economist Jim O'Neill unveils proposals to kick-start development of new antibiotics in an effort to combat drug resistance. The new plan may cost just $16 billion over 10 years.

Medical News Today: Antibiotic use in infancy, gut microbe disruption, and disease later in life are all linked, say researchers

Researchers have put together an evidence-based map of the different ways antibiotic use in infancy may lead to gut microbe imbalances and increase risk of disease in adulthood.

Medical News Today: 'The Dress': studies offer insight as to why we are unable to agree on its color

The picture of 'The Dress' confused the world back in February. While some of us say it is blue and black, others see it as white and gold. Now, three new studies investigate why.

Medical News Today: 'Elderly men should increase physical activity' to lower risk of death from all causes

Just half an hour of light exercise, 6 days a week, is associated with a 40% lower risk of death from all causes among elderly men in a new study.

Thursday, 14 May 2015

Stress relief techniques help cancer patients overcome fear of treatment

A service evaluation at The Christie NHS Foundation Trust in Manchester, England, has shown the benefit of rapid stress management techniques (RSMTs) to help cancer patients who experience...

Medical News Today: Grip strength may predict risk of stroke, heart attack and death

Weak grip strength was linked to greater risk of heart attack and stroke in a new study, as well as increased risk of death from cardiovascular and noncardiovascular diseases.

Medical News Today: A common hospital soap may reduce MRSA spread

Researchers suggest patient care and reduction of MRSA and other hospital-acquired infections may both benefit from using the common hospital soap chlorhexidine to bathe patients.

Medical News Today: Likely trigger for autoimmune disease found in newly-discovered rogue cells

A new study suggests autoimmune disease arises when the body fails to eliminate rogue versions of cells that make high-affinity antibodies.

Medical News Today: Researchers provide further insight into male bias of autism

A series of newly published studies has examined the role that sex and gender plays in autism, providing new insights into the male bias of the condition.

Medical News Today: Study links long-term depression in later years to higher chance of stroke

People over 50 years of age who showed depressive symptoms for 4 years were twice as likely to have a stroke in the subsequent 2 years than those who did not show depression.

Wednesday, 13 May 2015

Medical News Today: FDA propose to lift ban on blood donation for gay, bisexual men

The FDA have issued draft guidelines stating that gay and bisexual men should be allowed to donate blood, providing they have not had sex with another man in the last 12 months.

Medical News Today: Extra nuts or oil with Mediterranean diet could protect memory

A new study suggests that supplementing the Mediterranean diet with extra helpings of mixed nuts or extra virgin olive oil was improved cognitive function in older adults.

Medical News Today: 'Vaccine on demand' approach to personal cancer treatment steps closer

The principle of training cancer patients' immune systems to destroy tumors via their mutation fingerprint is proven. Now, new research steps closer to this goal in practice.

Medical News Today: HPV vaccination of boys as well as girls: study quantifies benefit

A new study partly supports vaccinating all boys against HPV and adds evidence of wider cancer benefit for both sexes, if girls have a higher uptake of injections.

Medical News Today: Quitting smoking at time of angioplasty may improve outcomes, study finds

Patients who quit smoking at the time of undergoing angioplasty for chest pain or heart attack may benefit more from the procedure than patients who continue to smoke.

Tuesday, 12 May 2015

Medical News Today: Celiac disease linked to increased risk of nerve damage

Patients with celiac disease may be around 2.5 times more likely to develop nerve damage than patients without the autoimmune condition, according to new research.

Medical News Today: Certain immigrants and refugees may face higher risk of psychotic disorders

Researchers in Canada have found that immigrants and refugees from certain regions are at a higher risk of developing psychotic disorders than others.

Medical News Today: WHO declare Liberia 'free of Ebola'

The World Health Organization say the Ebola outbreak is over in Liberia as 42 days have passed with no new cases since the last confirmed infected patient died and was buried.

Medical News Today: Personal microbiomes could uniquely identify individuals

Scientists have demonstrated that the microbial communities are as unique to the individual as fingerprints and could be used as a form of identification.

Medical News Today: Ebola and other deadly diseases: 'global fighting fund needed'

We cannot rely on individual nations to counter new health threats - world leaders must instead agree a global fund, says a group of experts.

Monday, 11 May 2015

Unlabeled stimulant BMPEA in sports supplement combined with exercise likely caused stroke

β-Methylphenylethylamine (BMPEA), an amphetamine-like stimulant that has been found in dietary supplements marketed to improve athletic performance and weight loss, could be to blame for...

Medical News Today: WHO make recommendations for naming of new diseases

The World Health Organization have called for authorities to follow best practices when naming new human infectious diseases in order to avoid stigmatizing certain groups.

Medical News Today: Soda and fruit juice are 'biggest culprits in dental erosion'

In a large new study, participants who consumed the most fruit juices or soft drinks also had the most severe symptoms of tooth wear.

Medical News Today: Live Ebola virus detected in survivor's eye months after recovery

A doctor treated for acute Ebola virus disease he contracted at a treatment center in Sierra Leone was found to have viable virus in the fluid inside an eye months after recovery.

Medical News Today: Cranial radiation therapy in childhood linked to later-life obesity

A new study looks at the risk factors behind a previously reported association between childhood cancer treatment and obesity in later life.

Medical News Today: CDC: many adults failing to undergo recommended cancer screening

Many adults in the US are not getting the recommended screening tests for breast, colorectal and cervical cancers, according to the CDC, with no increase in such rates since 2010.

Sunday, 10 May 2015

Medical News Today: High users of ER 'not time-wasters but at higher death risk'

Frequent use of emergency rooms does not mean patients are a nuisance, say authors of a study finding high numbers of emergency hospital visits are linked to a doubled death risk.

Saturday, 9 May 2015

Medical News Today: What overall impact will the Ebola crisis have on global health security?

A series of essays written by leading global health experts discuss the West African Ebola epidemic and consider whether it might rejuvenate global health security.

Friday, 8 May 2015

Medical News Today: Children's immune system weakened for up to 3 years after measles infection

Researchers thought measles suppressed a child's immune system for around 1-2 months after infection, but a new study suggests this suppression could last as long as 3 years.

Medical News Today: Pycnogenol boosts endothelial function in a range of borderline conditions

We report on the results of a clinical trial into a natural plant abstract to treat hypertension, hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia

Medical News Today: New device performs skin biopsies in minutes without anesthetic

Researchers have patented a device that performs skin biopsies in under 5 minutes - instead of the usual 30 or more - without the need for local anesthesia or specialized staff.

Medical News Today: When a switch to public transport could help with weight loss

Any means of travel to work that does not involve using a car kept at home could help with weight loss, according to a study examining the BMI benefit in people who switched.

Medical News Today: Study links PTSD to premature aging

A new study by UC-San Diego researchers finds individuals with post-traumatic stress disorder may be at higher risk for premature aging.

Thursday, 7 May 2015

Medical News Today: New smartphone microscope able to detect blood parasites quickly

A team of researchers have developed a smartphone microscope that could enable health workers to quickly detect parasitic worms in the blood of patients while working in the field.

Medical News Today: Almost all parents of overweight children believe their children are 'the right weight'

A study reports that up to 95% of modern parents with overweight children think their child is the right weight, with the misperception more pronounced among low-income families.

Medical News Today: Could high blood sugar be a cause of Alzheimer's disease?

A new study shows high blood sugar in Alzheimer's-prone mice increases faulty amyloid protein, perhaps due to over-firing of neurons caused by high glucose closing KATP channels.

Medical News Today: PTSD-like symptoms triggered by violent news on social media, study finds

Viewing violent news videos and images on social media caused almost a quarter of participants to experience symptoms similar to PTSD, according to the findings of a new study.

Medical News Today: Healthy diets make brighter brains

In a study of older people with a high risk of cardiovascular disease, healthy diet choices - fruit, vegetables, nuts and fish - were found to protect against cognitive decline.

Wednesday, 6 May 2015

Medical News Today: Americans becoming more accepting of sexual freedom

A new study has demonstrated changing attitudes toward sex and sexuality in the US over the past 4 decades. The authors suggest the shift is down to cultural individualism.

Medical News Today: Study sheds light on why we succumb to late-night snacking

Do you often find yourself raiding the fridge for some delicious treats late at night? It may be down to your brain's reward-related response to food, according to a new study.

Medical News Today: Quake-stricken Nepal at risk of serious disease outbreaks, UK agencies warn

UK agencies warn that following the devastating earthquake in Nepal on 25th April, contaminated water, poor sanitation and lack of shelter may lead to serious disease outbreaks.

Medical News Today: Drugs produce high hepatitis C eradication rates, even in liver-diseased patients

Two clinical trials of antiviral drug combinations report 12-week courses bringing effective viral eradication for a high percentage of patients with chronic hepatitis C infection.

Medical News Today: Risk of recurrent C. diff infection reduced with nontoxic strain

A nontoxic strain of Clostridium difficile administered orally may protect against recurrent infection with toxic strains of the bacterium in some patients, a new study finds.

Tuesday, 5 May 2015

Medical News Today: 'Can opener' molecule makes HIV vulnerable to attack

Scientists have discovered that a molecule can be used to render cells infected with HIV-1 vulnerable to naturally present antibodies.

Medical News Today: Preterm birth alters brain connections linked to cognitive functioning, study finds

Babies born preterm have reduced brain connectivity between areas of the thalamus and areas of the cortex associated with higher cognitive functioning, according to new research.

Medical News Today: 'Higher risk' of other cancers in people with gastrointestinal stromal tumors

A population study that uses information from a national cancer database finds that 1 in 5.8 patients with gastrointestinal stromal tumors develop other cancers.

Medical News Today: New ovarian cancer screening technique could double detection rates

Researchers have found that measuring changes in levels of a specific protein in the blood could detect twice as many cases of ovarian cancer as conventional screening methods.

Medical News Today: Women with acute asthma more likely to be hospitalized than men, study finds

Women treated in the emergency department for acute asthma are 60% more likely to be hospitalized than men, according to a new study.

Monday, 4 May 2015

Medical News Today: 'Light was as rewarding as morphine' in mice with new opioid receptors

A light-sensitive protein from the retina of the eye, melded to an opioid brain receptor, has induced reward-stimulation in mice - raising early research hopes for safer drugs.

Sunday, 3 May 2015

Medical News Today: Incidence of neonatal abstinence syndrome almost doubles in 4 years

The number of babies born with symptoms of drug withdrawal almost doubled between 2009 and 2012, finds a new study, and rates were highest in areas with high opioid use.

Saturday, 2 May 2015

Medical News Today: Condom use higher in young HIV-positive women with gender-equal views, study finds

A study of more than 500 HIV-positive adults from KwaZulu-Natal in South Africa finds women with greater perceptions of gender equality are more likely to use condoms.

Friday, 1 May 2015

Medical News Today: Lives of three babies rescued by 3D-printed, growth-flexible implants

Windpipe disease, which has a high failure rate from conventional treatment, has been overcome for three babies fitted with groundbreaking 3D-printed airways.

Medical News Today: Markers predicting obesity 'can be detected in urine'

A new study suggests that people at risk for obesity and metabolic disease could be identified using a simple urine test to detect telltale metabolic patterns.

Medical News Today: Scientists describe mechanism that nourishes early embryo in the womb

A new study reveals the mechanism through which the early embryo receives glucose and other nutrients before it is large enough to have a direct blood supply from the mother.

Medical News Today: $20 billion boost to US economy from halving drunk car crashes

Analysts calculate that a reduction in alcohol-fueled car crashes by almost 50% during 1984-2010 added $20 billion to the American economy through job creation and improved income.