Thursday, 30 April 2015
A survey of 133 countries conducted by the World Health Organization finds that only 34 countries have compiled a national action plan to combat antimicrobial resistance.
A new study finds that women diagnosed with luminal A breast cancer have a 30% reduced risk of the cancer returning if they have a history of breastfeeding.
A new study shows how an inflammatory molecule and its receptor promote the lung cancer that can result from silicosis, an irreversible lung disease caused by crystalline silica.
Medical News Today: Women's heart health endangered by traumatic life events and financial struggles
A new study suggests that negative life events and lifetime traumatic events could increase the risk of heart attack among middle-aged and older women.
Medical News Today: Fresh whole blood for pediatric heart surgery 'may reduce risk of transfusion-related illnesses'
Fresh whole blood lowers donor exposure for pediatric heart surgery patients, which may reduce their risk of transfusion-related complications, according to new research.
Wednesday, 29 April 2015
Using fMRI to analyze the brain activity of men and women after concussion, researchers find that women are more likely to experience persistent problems with working memory.
A potentially controversial new study reports an increased risk of heart disease among men with multiple wives - with the severity of disease increasing with number of wives.
Medical News Today: Biodegradable artificial blood vessels perform well in rats thanks to new material
Blocked blood vessels can be replaced with artificial ones that dissolve as new tissue grows in their place. Now, a new material looks set to vastly increase treatment success.
Researchers have found that men with HIV may face an increased risk of infecting female partners with the disease while wounds from circumcision surgery heal.
Study shows staff recommended and sold products despite 'adults only' labelsFifteen year olds are not only able to buy over-the-counter dietary supplements from a sampling of health food stores...
Feelings of being unsafe at school are linked to levels of overweight and obesity in a new study, with victimization exacerbating the problem.
Tuesday, 28 April 2015
A new study suggests that bullied children experience worse long-term mental health problems than children who are maltreated by adults.
From analyzing populations of Polish and French-Canadian women, researchers find mutations in a gene called RECQL are strongly linked to the development of breast cancer.
A new tickborne bacterium found in goats in northern China can cause human disease and may pose a substantial threat to humans and animals in and around the region, a study finds.
A new study in rodents has found that repeated exposure to alcohol during adolescence can lead to changes in the brain that could impair learning and memory in the long term.
Monday, 27 April 2015
This year's Wired Health summit in London featured the latest technological innovations in health care. Medical News Today were on the scene and report on the highlights.
The risk of liver cancer is known to be increased among patients with hepatitis C. But a new study finds hepatitis C patients may also be at greater risk of other cancers.
Researchers assessing children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder whose social and cognitive symptoms resolved found that many still required additional educational support.
One in 5 children globally still do not receive routine vaccinations. Closing this gap would prevent 1.5 million deaths a year from avoidable diseases, say WHO.
Infectious diseases get most press as the big killers, but a medical journal's major campaign looks at a bigger world problem: deaths from operable conditions left without surgery.
Compared with dose-escalated external beam radiotherapy, low-dose-rate prostate brachytherapy may prolong survival for patients with prostate cancer, a new study finds.
Sunday, 26 April 2015
In fruit flies with Alzheimer's-like memory abnormalities, researchers from Washington University in St. Louis found extra sleep restored their ability to make new memories.
Saturday, 25 April 2015
Medical News Today: Researchers reveal how breast milk protects against severe intestinal disease in preterm infants
Johns Hopkins researchers have found breast milk protects preterm babies against an intestinal disease called necrotizing enterocolitis, thanks to a protein called EGF.
Friday, 24 April 2015
A new study finds parents of children diagnosed with autism picked up on signs of the condition as early as 6 months, highlighting their key role in early diagnosis.
A study of aggression in mice finds that high levels of glutamate are produced in the brain during aggressive behavior, which also results in heightened levels of serotonin.
A dosing regimen based on a single, simple metric - the recovery time of the pathogen - could eliminate an otherwise resistant strain of bacteria, a new study shows.
People exposed to fine particulate matter long term may experience brain damage linked to age-related cognitive impairment and other neurological conditions, a new study finds.
Researchers have discovered that depression can lead to metabolic changes. These changes could indicate the body's way of coping with major environmental stressors.
Thursday, 23 April 2015
Consuming at least two cups of coffee a day could halve the risk of recurrence in patients diagnosed with breast cancer who are treated with tamoxifen, according to a new study.
A survey of Californians finds that the majority believe people with mental health challenges are discriminated against in social relationships, work, school and health care.
Medical News Today: Nanoparticles that ferry dopamine to the brain offer potential Parkinson's treatment
Scientists have previously been unable to get dopamine to cross the blood-brain barrier and relieve Parkinson's symptoms. Now, a new study suggests nanoparticles as a solution.
More than 30% of deaths among men and 50% of deaths women who have been released from prison are due to alcohol and drug abuse, according to a new study.
Patients with more challenging occupations may have longer survival after onset of frontotemporal dementia than those with less challenging jobs, a new study suggests.
Wednesday, 22 April 2015
Researchers have claimed that eating yogurt every day is not associated with any significant improvements in health-related quality of life, be they physical or mental.
Researchers have identified structural differences in the kidney filters of mice more susceptible to kidney disease, which could inform a new early-diagnosis test for humans.
Increased anxiety is common during nicotine withdrawal. After discovering the brain circuitry responsible, scientists suggest ways people trying to quit may avoid the side effect.
The commercial success of SSRI antidepressants is based on a ‘myth’ that has been a 'costly distraction' from better treatment approaches, suggests one expert.
In a study of more than 95,000 children, researchers found no link between the MMR vaccine and greater risk of autism, even among children at higher risk for the condition.
Tuesday, 21 April 2015
Researchers have discovered that babies feel pain in much the same way as adults, leading to experts recommending a review of neonatal pain management practice.
Researchers have identified two drugs - an antifungal and a steroid - that reversed MS in mouse models of the condition by stimulating stem cells to boost myelin production.
Chemists have made a carbon nanotube sensor that detects gasses emitted by rotting meat and suggest it could be used in smart packaging that tells consumers if food is safe to eat.
Though dietary supplements can offer health benefits, one researcher warns that excess use of these supplements may raise the risk of cancer.
Researchers at the Angiocardioneurology Department of the Neuromed Scientific Institute for Research, Hospitalisation and Health Care of Pozzilli (Italy), have found, in animal models, that the...
A new study reports a substantial drop in prescription opioid overdoses following the decision to make the high-dose opioid painkiller OxyContin crush-resistant.
Monday, 20 April 2015
A new study associates statin use with a 46% increased risk of type 2 diabetes. This risk is linked to statins that reduce insulin sensitivity and secretion, say the authors.
A new study suggests that children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder perform better at tasks that challenge their working memory if they are moving more.
For the first time, researchers show that the body clock of mammals can distinguish dawn and twilight not just because of differences in intensity but also in colors of the light.
Scanning our genetic code for variations linked to mental agility has helped to pinpoint a location on the human genome associated with efficient thinking.
Sunday, 19 April 2015
An anticonvulsant drug used to prevent seizures could protect people with MS from some of the damage caused by acute optic neuritis.
Saturday, 18 April 2015
Medical News Today: Review provides further insight into link between hormone therapy and breast cancer
A review of two clinical trials that are a part of the Women's Health Initiative delves further into the association between hormone therapy and the risk of breast cancer.
Friday, 17 April 2015
A report from the CDC and FDA reveals that between 2013 and 2014, the use of e-cigarettes in middle and high school students tripled - a 'worrisome' finding, say the organizations.
A new study has examined the global cost of canine rabies, in terms of deaths and economic costs attributable to this preventable disease.
In lab tests, extract of maple syrup made bacteria more susceptible to antibiotics in a number of ways. If it works in humans, it could help cut the use of antibiotics.
A new study finds that when it comes to donating online, men are likely to donate four times more money to attractive female fundraisers in response to a donation from another man.
Malaria is a critical health problem in West Africa, where traditional medicine is commonly used alongside modern healthcare practices.
Thursday, 16 April 2015
A study has found that mothers who smoked during pregnancy were less likely to relapse into smoking again after giving birth if they were breastfeeding.
At the Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons, researchers revealed how total ankle arthroplasty improved gait parameters for patients with ankle arthritis.
Researchers are optimistic that a stem cell treatment they successfully tested in rats will slow or reverse the effects of early-stage age-related macular degeneration in humans.
New research from the University of Warwick and University Hospitals Coventry and Warwickshire (UHCW) NHS Trust could transform treatments and diagnosis for a common digestive condition which...
Medical News Today: Depression and diabetes combined may create even higher risk of cognitive decline
Depression and diabetes each raised dementia risk on their own, but risk rose even more for people with both, in a large study of Alzheimer's disease and vascular dementia.
People who snore heavily or who have sleep apnea may experience earlier cognitive decline, a new study finds, but this decline could be reversed with CPAP.
Wednesday, 15 April 2015
Women who have been divorced at least twice are at almost twice the risk of heart attack - regardless of whether they have remarried - according to a new study.
Medical News Today: Autism: new studies investigate diagnosis time and identify epigenetic signatures
Across two new studies, Johns Hopkins and Oregon State researchers identify epigenetic variations associated with ASD in parental sperm and assess diagnosis time for ASD children.
Medical News Today: Immunotherapy fights cancer better with both arms of the immune system, say researchers
The idea of fighting cancer with immunotherapy is to trigger the immune system. Now, a new study suggests recruiting both the innate and the adaptive immune system works best.
A Canadian researcher argues that for heroin users who do not benefit from standard addiction treatments, heroin-assisted therapy may be a better option.
A debate in The BMJ asks whether we.should go with the tide on health apps, or if the popularity of this technology obscures more serious health debates.
Tuesday, 14 April 2015
Researchers have developed a test that they say could accurately diagnose stomach cancer or predict risk for the disease by analyzing an individual's exhaled breath.
Monday, 13 April 2015
Valery Spiridonov, a 30-year-old computer scientist with a rare genetic muscle wasting disease, is to become the first person to undergo the world's first human head transplant.
Researchers believe low birth weight for men could be linked to an increased risk of transitioning to disability pension, particularly due to mental disorders.
The respiratory cycle is a three-gas and not just a two-gas system of oxygen and carbon dioxide, shows new study that explains the role played by nitric oxide in oxygen delivery.
Medical News Today: Flu vaccine rates fail to reflect increased complication risk in children with neurological disorders
Though children with neurological disorders are at higher risk of flu complications, flu vaccine rates in this population are comparable to those of healthy children.
Find out about the health benefits of tea including helping to beat stress, boosting cognitive function, decreasing cancer risk and reducing arthritis.
Sunday, 12 April 2015
Medical News Today: 'Clot-busting' drug could be used more widely for stroke patients, study suggests
There are concerns that for some patients, the clot-busting drug alteplase may increase the risk of a brain bleed. However, a new study claims it is safer than previously believed.
Saturday, 11 April 2015
An experimental vaccine has demonstrated success in protecting monkeys from Ebola. Also, a potential drug target is found in a protein that Ebola uses to replicate.
Friday, 10 April 2015
Researchers found plucking 200 hairs from the back of a mouse led to the growth of up to 1,300 new ones. Could they have come across a potential cure for baldness?
New research finds that nonviolent, story-based games may boost players' 'theory of mind' - the ability to accurately assess other people's mental states.
Medical News Today: Carefully alternating antibiotics can prevent bacteria developing resistance, say researchers
Treating bacteria with alternating doses of antibiotics can render them susceptible to sublethal doses that would normally spur resistance, a new study reveals.
Brain scans of toddlers, done before any childhood diagnosis on the autism spectrum, reveal a language-development discovery, and raise new research hopes, say neuroscientists.
Higher levels of dopamine might play a role, researchers believeRecent research has linked the thin air of higher elevations to increased rates of depression and suicide.
Perceptions of six personality traits that can be read on the face of someone who has undergone 'facial rejuvenation surgery' have been rated in a study from cosmetic surgeons.
Thursday, 9 April 2015
Many studies have linked moderate alcohol consumption to certain health benefits. We look at what they are and whether there is enough evidence to warrant the odd glass of wine.
Scientists conducting the first ever human clinical trial of a new kind of broadly neutralizing antibody have reported 'some impressive results' in treating HIV.
In 1964, the US Surgeon General announced that smoking caused cancer and was not merely linked to it. It is now time to do the same with UV tanning, urge doctors.
A new study has found that nearly 1 in 10 adults in the US is anger-prone and has access to guns. The authors suggest changes to firearm legislation could reduce gun violence.
Medical News Today: Prevalence of major depression lower among African-American women in rural areas
African-American women who live in rural areas have lower prevalences of major depression and mood disorder, while non-Hispanic white women in these areas have higher prevalences.
Wednesday, 8 April 2015
Medical News Today: Amphetamine-like stimulant remains in dietary supplements 2 years after FDA discovery
Two years after the FDA identified an amphetamine-like stimulant in a number of dietary supplements, a new study finds the organization has taken no action to remove it.
People who survive strokes are reportedly twice as likely to attempt suicide than the general population, and they are most at risk during the first 2 years following a stroke.
British people aged 65 and over are seven times more likely to develop malignant melanoma than seniors from 4 decades ago, partly due to the rise of cheap all-inclusive holidays.
How much do men and women differ psychologically? Does greater emotional empathy in women result in less rational thinking when it comes to choosing to do harm for a greater good?
Medical News Today: Exercise at any level may benefit overweight patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease
For overweight or obese patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, exercise - regardless of volume or intensity - may reduce both visceral and liver fat, a new study finds.
Tuesday, 7 April 2015
Researchers have found significant levels of bovine DNA in breast milk samples purchased via the Internet, suggesting that cow's milk may have been added to human milk.
Medical News Today: Warning images on cigarette packets 'raise young adults' knowledge about harms of smoking'
A new study finds young adults are more likely to understand the harms of smoking when shown image and text warnings on cigarette packets, compared with text-only warnings.
A multi-drug resistant form of the intestinal illness shigellosis is spreading in the US as sick travelers return to the country and pass it to others, causing repeated outbreaks.
College students may realize that texting in the shower, during sex, or at a funeral is inappropriate, but many do it regardless, according to Penn State psychologists.
Monday, 6 April 2015
Medical News Today: Simplified antibiotic treatment could be used to treat babies safely outside of hospitals
Recent studies suggest that simplified antibiotic regimens may be able to treat bacterial infections in newborns and young infants as effectively as injectable antibiotics.
Sunday, 5 April 2015
Study that answers whether sitting too close to the TV causes myopia also finds an eye test that predicts children's later nearsightedness, raising hopes it could be prevented.
Saturday, 4 April 2015
Taking certain fish oil supplements or eating herring or mackerel may increase the risk of chemotherapy resistance for cancer patients, a new study suggests.
Friday, 3 April 2015
CDC publishes first national study on use of behavioral therapy, medication and dietary supplements for ADHD in children
The first national study to look at behavioral therapy, medication, and dietary supplements to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among children ages 4-17 shows that less than...
Researchers from Japan have created a head-mounted navigational device that they say helped blind rats find their way through mazes almost as well as normal-sighted rats.
Thursday, 2 April 2015
Whether you are buying, selling or asking for a pay rise, the words you use in your negotiation could affect the outcome, according to a new study.
Being exposed to domestic violence or other adverse experiences during childhood may increase a child's risk of developing asthma, according to new research.
Wednesday, 1 April 2015
A 10th century potion from a manuscript of one of the earliest known medical textbooks has proved effective against the superbug MRSA, according to UK researchers.
Medical News Today: Eating fruits and vegetables with high pesticide residue may affect sperm quality
A study finds an association between consumption of foods with high pesticide residue and low-quality sperm in men, but the authors urge caution in interpreting the results.
A new study finds that higher concentrations of ultrafine particles in urban environments - such as that which results from dense traffic - can alter heart function within minutes.
Researchers suggest a diet high in the amino acid methionine leads to hypermethylation of an important brain protein, which promotes memory loss.
Newly published research from the Forsyth Institute details a discovery explaining why the 100 million Americans estimated to be taking prescription and over-the-counter antacid and heartburn...