Thursday, 30 April 2015

Medical News Today: WHO: most countries have no national plan to tackle drug resistance

A survey of 133 countries conducted by the World Health Organization finds that only 34 countries have compiled a national action plan to combat antimicrobial resistance.

Medical News Today: Breast cancer less likely to recur in women with history of breastfeeding

A new study finds that women diagnosed with luminal A breast cancer have a 30% reduced risk of the cancer returning if they have a history of breastfeeding.

Medical News Today: Study probing link between silica and lung cancer offers new clue

A new study shows how an inflammatory molecule and its receptor promote the lung cancer that can result from silicosis, an irreversible lung disease caused by crystalline silica.

Medical News Today: Women's heart health endangered by traumatic life events and financial struggles

A new study suggests that negative life events and lifetime traumatic events could increase the risk of heart attack among middle-aged and older women.

Medical News Today: Fresh whole blood for pediatric heart surgery 'may reduce risk of transfusion-related illnesses'

Fresh whole blood lowers donor exposure for pediatric heart surgery patients, which may reduce their risk of transfusion-related complications, according to new research.

Wednesday, 29 April 2015

Medical News Today: Women more likely than men to have ongoing memory problems after concussion

Using fMRI to analyze the brain activity of men and women after concussion, researchers find that women are more likely to experience persistent problems with working memory.

Medical News Today: Polygamy quadruples heart disease risk, claims new study

A potentially controversial new study reports an increased risk of heart disease among men with multiple wives - with the severity of disease increasing with number of wives.

Medical News Today: Biodegradable artificial blood vessels perform well in rats thanks to new material

Blocked blood vessels can be replaced with artificial ones that dissolve as new tissue grows in their place. Now, a new material looks set to vastly increase treatment success.

Medical News Today: Increased risk of spreading HIV while circumcision wounds heal

Researchers have found that men with HIV may face an increased risk of infecting female partners with the disease while wounds from circumcision surgery heal.

Despite warnings, health food stores recommend OTC dietary supplements to minors

Study shows staff recommended and sold products despite 'adults only' labelsFifteen year olds are not only able to buy over-the-counter dietary supplements from a sampling of health food stores...

Medical News Today: Study of 1,200 students finds obesity link with bullying

Feelings of being unsafe at school are linked to levels of overweight and obesity in a new study, with victimization exacerbating the problem.

Tuesday, 28 April 2015

Medical News Today: Bullying leads to worse mental health problems than childhood maltreatment

A new study suggests that bullied children experience worse long-term mental health problems than children who are maltreated by adults.

Medical News Today: Researchers discover new gene strongly linked to breast cancer

From analyzing populations of Polish and French-Canadian women, researchers find mutations in a gene called RECQL are strongly linked to the development of breast cancer.

Medical News Today: New tickborne disease found in China may pose 'substantial health threat'

A new tickborne bacterium found in goats in northern China can cause human disease and may pose a substantial threat to humans and animals in and around the region, a study finds.

Medical News Today: Adolescent drinking has long-term impact on memory and learning skills

A new study in rodents has found that repeated exposure to alcohol during adolescence can lead to changes in the brain that could impair learning and memory in the long term.

Monday, 27 April 2015

Medical News Today: Wired Health: how are innovative technologies disrupting health care?

This year's Wired Health summit in London featured the latest technological innovations in health care. Medical News Today were on the scene and report on the highlights.

Medical News Today: Hepatitis C linked to increased risk of liver cancer, other cancers

The risk of liver cancer is known to be increased among patients with hepatitis C. But a new study finds hepatitis C patients may also be at greater risk of other cancers.

Medical News Today: Kids losing autism diagnosis may still need educational support

Researchers assessing children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder whose social and cognitive symptoms resolved found that many still required additional educational support.

Medical News Today: WHO call for harder push to meet global vaccination targets

One in 5 children globally still do not receive routine vaccinations. Closing this gap would prevent 1.5 million deaths a year from avoidable diseases, say WHO.

Medical News Today: The Lancet: surgery is not an option for two thirds of global population

Infectious diseases get most press as the big killers, but a medical journal's major campaign looks at a bigger world problem: deaths from operable conditions left without surgery.

Medical News Today: Form of permanent radiotherapy may prolong prostate cancer suvival, study finds

Compared with dose-escalated external beam radiotherapy, low-dose-rate prostate brachytherapy may prolong survival for patients with prostate cancer, a new study finds.

Sunday, 26 April 2015

Medical News Today: Could extra sleep improve memory for people with Alzheimer's?

In fruit flies with Alzheimer's-like memory abnormalities, researchers from Washington University in St. Louis found extra sleep restored their ability to make new memories.

Saturday, 25 April 2015

Medical News Today: Researchers reveal how breast milk protects against severe intestinal disease in preterm infants

Johns Hopkins researchers have found breast milk protects preterm babies against an intestinal disease called necrotizing enterocolitis, thanks to a protein called EGF.

Friday, 24 April 2015

Medical News Today: Parents' concerns key for early autism diagnosis, say researchers

A new study finds parents of children diagnosed with autism picked up on signs of the condition as early as 6 months, highlighting their key role in early diagnosis.

Medical News Today: Elevated levels of glutamate and serotonin may drive intense aggression

A study of aggression in mice finds that high levels of glutamate are produced in the brain during aggressive behavior, which also results in heightened levels of serotonin.

Medical News Today: Simple strategy could revive first-line antibiotics

A dosing regimen based on a single, simple metric - the recovery time of the pathogen - could eliminate an otherwise resistant strain of bacteria, a new study shows.

Medical News Today: Long-term air pollution exposure linked to brain damage

People exposed to fine particulate matter long term may experience brain damage linked to age-related cognitive impairment and other neurological conditions, a new study finds.

Medical News Today: Major depression leaves a metabolic signature

Researchers have discovered that depression can lead to metabolic changes. These changes could indicate the body's way of coping with major environmental stressors.

Thursday, 23 April 2015

Medical News Today: Coffee 'could halve breast cancer recurrence' in tamoxifen-treated patients

Consuming at least two cups of coffee a day could halve the risk of recurrence in patients diagnosed with breast cancer who are treated with tamoxifen, according to a new study.

Medical News Today: 9 in 10 people with mental illness report high levels of discrimination

A survey of Californians finds that the majority believe people with mental health challenges are discriminated against in social relationships, work, school and health care.

Medical News Today: Nanoparticles that ferry dopamine to the brain offer potential Parkinson's treatment

Scientists have previously been unable to get dopamine to cross the blood-brain barrier and relieve Parkinson's symptoms. Now, a new study suggests nanoparticles as a solution.

Medical News Today: Study finds high risk of death from alcohol, drug abuse among former prisoners

More than 30% of deaths among men and 50% of deaths women who have been released from prison are due to alcohol and drug abuse, according to a new study.

Medical News Today: Frontotemporal dementia: more challenging jobs linked to longer survival

Patients with more challenging occupations may have longer survival after onset of frontotemporal dementia than those with less challenging jobs, a new study suggests.

Wednesday, 22 April 2015

Medical News Today: Eating yogurt regularly does not improve health, quality of life

Researchers have claimed that eating yogurt every day is not associated with any significant improvements in health-related quality of life, be they physical or mental.

Medical News Today: New kidney disease findings may lead to test for early diagnosis

Researchers have identified structural differences in the kidney filters of mice more susceptible to kidney disease, which could inform a new early-diagnosis test for humans.

Medical News Today: Scientists find brain circuitry that raises anxiety during nicotine withdrawal

Increased anxiety is common during nicotine withdrawal. After discovering the brain circuitry responsible, scientists suggest ways people trying to quit may avoid the side effect.

Medical News Today: Low serotonin is mythical cause of depression, says psychiatry professor

The commercial success of SSRI antidepressants is based on a ‘myth’ that has been a 'costly distraction' from better treatment approaches, suggests one expert.

Medical News Today: MMR vaccine and autism: study finds 'no harmful association'

In a study of more than 95,000 children, researchers found no link between the MMR vaccine and greater risk of autism, even among children at higher risk for the condition.

Tuesday, 21 April 2015

Medical News Today: World-first MRI study shows babies experience pain 'like adults'

Researchers have discovered that babies feel pain in much the same way as adults, leading to experts recommending a review of neonatal pain management practice.

Medical News Today: Athlete's foot, eczema drugs could reverse MS, study finds

Researchers have identified two drugs - an antifungal and a steroid - that reversed MS in mouse models of the condition by stimulating stem cells to boost myelin production.

Medical News Today: Nanotube sensor 'sniffs out' rotten meat

Chemists have made a carbon nanotube sensor that detects gasses emitted by rotting meat and suggest it could be used in smart packaging that tells consumers if food is safe to eat.

Medical News Today: Researcher warns of increased cancer risk with excess supplement use

Though dietary supplements can offer health benefits, one researcher warns that excess use of these supplements may raise the risk of cancer.

A novel mechanism involved in attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder

Researchers at the Angiocardioneurology Department of the Neuromed Scientific Institute for Research, Hospitalisation and Health Care of Pozzilli (Italy), have found, in animal models, that the...

Medical News Today: Drop in abuse and overdose after opioids were made crush-resistant

A new study reports a substantial drop in prescription opioid overdoses following the decision to make the high-dose opioid painkiller OxyContin crush-resistant.

Monday, 20 April 2015

Medical News Today: Study finds increased risk of type 2 diabetes with statin use

A new study associates statin use with a 46% increased risk of type 2 diabetes. This risk is linked to statins that reduce insulin sensitivity and secretion, say the authors.

Children with ADHD 'learn better when fidgeting'

A new study suggests that children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder perform better at tasks that challenge their working memory if they are moving more.

Medical News Today: Children with ADHD 'learn better when fidgeting'

A new study suggests that children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder perform better at tasks that challenge their working memory if they are moving more.

Medical News Today: Body clock sensitive to color of light

For the first time, researchers show that the body clock of mammals can distinguish dawn and twilight not just because of differences in intensity but also in colors of the light.

Medical News Today: Genetic clues to brighter brains past the age of 45

Scanning our genetic code for variations linked to mental agility has helped to pinpoint a location on the human genome associated with efficient thinking.

Sunday, 19 April 2015

Medical News Today: Epilepsy drug could protect eyesight of MS patients

An anticonvulsant drug used to prevent seizures could protect people with MS from some of the damage caused by acute optic neuritis.

Saturday, 18 April 2015

Medical News Today: Review provides further insight into link between hormone therapy and breast cancer

A review of two clinical trials that are a part of the Women's Health Initiative delves further into the association between hormone therapy and the risk of breast cancer.

Friday, 17 April 2015

Medical News Today: E-cigarette use in middle, high school students has tripled in the past year

A report from the CDC and FDA reveals that between 2013 and 2014, the use of e-cigarettes in middle and high school students tripled - a 'worrisome' finding, say the organizations.

Medical News Today: Preventable rabies kills 160 people worldwide every day

A new study has examined the global cost of canine rabies, in terms of deaths and economic costs attributable to this preventable disease.

Medical News Today: Maple syrup helps antibiotics defeat bacteria

In lab tests, extract of maple syrup made bacteria more susceptible to antibiotics in a number of ways. If it works in humans, it could help cut the use of antibiotics.

Medical News Today: Male competition boosts men's online donations to attractive female fundraisers

A new study finds that when it comes to donating online, men are likely to donate four times more money to attractive female fundraisers in response to a donation from another man.

Antimalarial tea -- from herbal remedy to licensed phytomedicine

Malaria is a critical health problem in West Africa, where traditional medicine is commonly used alongside modern healthcare practices.

Thursday, 16 April 2015

Medical News Today: Breastfeeding could reduce risk of mothers smoking again

A study has found that mothers who smoked during pregnancy were less likely to relapse into smoking again after giving birth if they were breastfeeding.

Medical News Today: Total ankle arthroplasty shows promise for patients with severe ankle arthritis

At the Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons, researchers revealed how total ankle arthroplasty improved gait parameters for patients with ankle arthritis.

Medical News Today: Treatment that slows AMD vision loss with one stem cell injection shows promise

Researchers are optimistic that a stem cell treatment they successfully tested in rats will slow or reverse the effects of early-stage age-related macular degeneration in humans.

New treatment for common digestive condition Barrett's Oesophagus

New research from the University of Warwick and University Hospitals Coventry and Warwickshire (UHCW) NHS Trust could transform treatments and diagnosis for a common digestive condition which...

Medical News Today: Depression and diabetes combined may create even higher risk of cognitive decline

Depression and diabetes each raised dementia risk on their own, but risk rose even more for people with both, in a large study of Alzheimer's disease and vascular dementia.

Medical News Today: Heavy snoring, sleep apnea linked to earlier cognitive decline

People who snore heavily or who have sleep apnea may experience earlier cognitive decline, a new study finds, but this decline could be reversed with CPAP.

Wednesday, 15 April 2015

Medical News Today: Divorce may raise the risk of heart attack, study finds

Women who have been divorced at least twice are at almost twice the risk of heart attack - regardless of whether they have remarried - according to a new study.

Medical News Today: Autism: new studies investigate diagnosis time and identify epigenetic signatures

Across two new studies, Johns Hopkins and Oregon State researchers identify epigenetic variations associated with ASD in parental sperm and assess diagnosis time for ASD children.

Medical News Today: Immunotherapy fights cancer better with both arms of the immune system, say researchers

The idea of fighting cancer with immunotherapy is to trigger the immune system. Now, a new study suggests recruiting both the innate and the adaptive immune system works best.

Medical News Today: Heroin-assisted therapy 'better for some drug users than standard treatments'

A Canadian researcher argues that for heroin users who do not benefit from standard addiction treatments, heroin-assisted therapy may be a better option.

Balanced behavior with IRBIT

Regulating hyperactivity and social interactionsHyperactivity and social abnormalities are defining characteristics of ADHD and autism, two developmental disorders that parents and scientists...

Medical News Today: What is the point of health apps when we are healthy?

A debate in The BMJ asks whether we.should go with the tide on health apps, or if the popularity of this technology obscures more serious health debates.

Tuesday, 14 April 2015

Medical News Today: Researchers develop breath test that could predict, diagnose stomach cancer

Researchers have developed a test that they say could accurately diagnose stomach cancer or predict risk for the disease by analyzing an individual's exhaled breath.

Monday, 13 April 2015

Medical News Today: 30-year-old Russian man volunteers for world's first human head transplant

Valery Spiridonov, a 30-year-old computer scientist with a rare genetic muscle wasting disease, is to become the first person to undergo the world's first human head transplant.

Medical News Today: Low birth weight may be linked to disability pension risk among men

Researchers believe low birth weight for men could be linked to an increased risk of transitioning to disability pension, particularly due to mental disorders.

Medical News Today: Study shows blood cells need nitric oxide to deliver oxygen

The respiratory cycle is a three-gas and not just a two-gas system of oxygen and carbon dioxide, shows new study that explains the role played by nitric oxide in oxygen delivery.

Medical News Today: Flu vaccine rates fail to reflect increased complication risk in children with neurological disorders

Though children with neurological disorders are at higher risk of flu complications, flu vaccine rates in this population are comparable to those of healthy children.

Medical News Today: What are the health benefits of tea?

Find out about the health benefits of tea including helping to beat stress, boosting cognitive function, decreasing cancer risk and reducing arthritis.

Sunday, 12 April 2015

Medical News Today: 'Clot-busting' drug could be used more widely for stroke patients, study suggests

There are concerns that for some patients, the clot-busting drug alteplase may increase the risk of a brain bleed. However, a new study claims it is safer than previously believed.

Saturday, 11 April 2015

Medical News Today: Ebola vaccine worked in monkeys; potential drug target found

An experimental vaccine has demonstrated success in protecting monkeys from Ebola. Also, a potential drug target is found in a protein that Ebola uses to replicate.

Friday, 10 April 2015

Medical News Today: Plucking hairs could help treat baldness, study finds

Researchers found plucking 200 hairs from the back of a mouse led to the growth of up to 1,300 new ones. Could they have come across a potential cure for baldness?

Medical News Today: Could story-based video games help people with autism?

New research finds that nonviolent, story-based games may boost players' 'theory of mind' - the ability to accurately assess other people's mental states.

Medical News Today: Carefully alternating antibiotics can prevent bacteria developing resistance, say researchers

Treating bacteria with alternating doses of antibiotics can render them susceptible to sublethal doses that would normally spur resistance, a new study reveals.

Medical News Today: 'Autism discovery' - brain imaging reveals language development differences

Brain scans of toddlers, done before any childhood diagnosis on the autism spectrum, reveal a language-development discovery, and raise new research hopes, say neuroscientists.

Rates of ADHD appear to decrease at higher altitudes

Higher levels of dopamine might play a role, researchers believeRecent research has linked the thin air of higher elevations to increased rates of depression and suicide.

Medical News Today: 'The face is not defined by youth alone,' claims plastic surgery study

Perceptions of six personality traits that can be read on the face of someone who has undergone 'facial rejuvenation surgery' have been rated in a study from cosmetic surgeons.

Thursday, 9 April 2015

Medical News Today: Alcohol: does it really offer health benefits?

Many studies have linked moderate alcohol consumption to certain health benefits. We look at what they are and whether there is enough evidence to warrant the odd glass of wine.

Medical News Today: First human study of new HIV antibody therapy shows promise

Scientists conducting the first ever human clinical trial of a new kind of broadly neutralizing antibody have reported 'some impressive results' in treating HIV.

Medical News Today: Time to announce UV tanning 'causes' skin cancer, doctors urge

In 1964, the US Surgeon General announced that smoking caused cancer and was not merely linked to it. It is now time to do the same with UV tanning, urge doctors.

Medical News Today: Around 9% of adults with access to firearms have anger problems

A new study has found that nearly 1 in 10 adults in the US is anger-prone and has access to guns. The authors suggest changes to firearm legislation could reduce gun violence.

Medical News Today: Prevalence of major depression lower among African-American women in rural areas

African-American women who live in rural areas have lower prevalences of major depression and mood disorder, while non-Hispanic white women in these areas have higher prevalences.

Wednesday, 8 April 2015

Medical News Today: Amphetamine-like stimulant remains in dietary supplements 2 years after FDA discovery

Two years after the FDA identified an amphetamine-like stimulant in a number of dietary supplements, a new study finds the organization has taken no action to remove it.

Medical News Today: Stroke survivors are 'at double the risk of attempting suicide'

People who survive strokes are reportedly twice as likely to attempt suicide than the general population, and they are most at risk during the first 2 years following a stroke.

Medical News Today: Deadly skin cancer much more common in today's seniors

British people aged 65 and over are seven times more likely to develop malignant melanoma than seniors from 4 decades ago, partly due to the rise of cheap all-inclusive holidays.

Medical News Today: Women think 'as rationally' as men - but also use more gut feeling

How much do men and women differ psychologically? Does greater emotional empathy in women result in less rational thinking when it comes to choosing to do harm for a greater good?

Medical News Today: Exercise at any level may benefit overweight patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease

For overweight or obese patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, exercise - regardless of volume or intensity - may reduce both visceral and liver fat, a new study finds.

Tuesday, 7 April 2015

Medical News Today: Cow's milk found in human breast milk purchased online

Researchers have found significant levels of bovine DNA in breast milk samples purchased via the Internet, suggesting that cow's milk may have been added to human milk.

Medical News Today: Warning images on cigarette packets 'raise young adults' knowledge about harms of smoking'

A new study finds young adults are more likely to understand the harms of smoking when shown image and text warnings on cigarette packets, compared with text-only warnings.

Medical News Today: CDC: drug-resistant intestinal bug spreading in US

A multi-drug resistant form of the intestinal illness shigellosis is spreading in the US as sick travelers return to the country and pass it to others, causing repeated outbreaks.

Medical News Today: Temptation to text proves too much for students, even when inappropriate

College students may realize that texting in the shower, during sex, or at a funeral is inappropriate, but many do it regardless, according to Penn State psychologists.

Monday, 6 April 2015

Medical News Today: Simplified antibiotic treatment could be used to treat babies safely outside of hospitals

Recent studies suggest that simplified antibiotic regimens may be able to treat bacterial infections in newborns and young infants as effectively as injectable antibiotics.

Sunday, 5 April 2015

Medical News Today: Simple eye test for 6-year-olds predicts need for glasses in teen years

Study that answers whether sitting too close to the TV causes myopia also finds an eye test that predicts children's later nearsightedness, raising hopes it could be prevented.

Saturday, 4 April 2015

Medical News Today: Certain fish oils 'may induce chemoresistance in cancer patients'

Taking certain fish oil supplements or eating herring or mackerel may increase the risk of chemotherapy resistance for cancer patients, a new study suggests.

Friday, 3 April 2015

CDC publishes first national study on use of behavioral therapy, medication and dietary supplements for ADHD in children

The first national study to look at behavioral therapy, medication, and dietary supplements to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among children ages 4-17 shows that less than...

Medical News Today: Head-mounted sensor helps blind rats navigate

Researchers from Japan have created a head-mounted navigational device that they say helped blind rats find their way through mazes almost as well as normal-sighted rats.

Thursday, 2 April 2015

Medical News Today: How to succeed in negotiations? Choose your words carefully, say psychologists

Whether you are buying, selling or asking for a pay rise, the words you use in your negotiation could affect the outcome, according to a new study.

Medical News Today: Adverse childhood experiences may increase the risk of asthma, study finds

Being exposed to domestic violence or other adverse experiences during childhood may increase a child's risk of developing asthma, according to new research.

Wednesday, 1 April 2015

Medical News Today: 1,000-year-old potion shows promise against MRSA

A 10th century potion from a manuscript of one of the earliest known medical textbooks has proved effective against the superbug MRSA, according to UK researchers.

Medical News Today: Eating fruits and vegetables with high pesticide residue may affect sperm quality

A study finds an association between consumption of foods with high pesticide residue and low-quality sperm in men, but the authors urge caution in interpreting the results.

Medical News Today: Ultrafine particles in urban air affect heart within minutes

A new study finds that higher concentrations of ultrafine particles in urban environments - such as that which results from dense traffic - can alter heart function within minutes.

Medical News Today: Study links methionine-rich diet to increased risk of memory loss

Researchers suggest a diet high in the amino acid methionine leads to hypermethylation of an important brain protein, which promotes memory loss.

Forsyth research explains why popular antacids may increase chance of bone fractures

Newly published research from the Forsyth Institute details a discovery explaining why the 100 million Americans estimated to be taking prescription and over-the-counter antacid and heartburn...