Saturday, 31 January 2015

Medical News Today: Organ transplants in the US 'have saved almost 2.3 million years of life'

Between 1987 and 2012, researchers estimate that organ transplants have saved almost 2.3 million years of life in the US, but they believe donor shortages are hindering progress.

Friday, 30 January 2015

Medical News Today: Transgender children's gender identity is 'consistent and deeply held'

Researchers conclude new study should serve as “further evidence that transgender children do indeed exist and that this identity is a deeply held one.”

New minimally invasive test can identify patients with reflux symptoms who may warrant endoscopy to diagnose Barrett's esophagus

A new minimally invasive cell sampling device coupled with assessment of trefoil factor 3 expression can be used to identify patients with reflux symptoms who warrant endoscopy to diagnose...

Medical News Today: Could cattle feedlots be spreading antibiotic resistance through the air?

Researchers who tested upwind and downwind air at cattle feedlots found evidence to support the idea that antibiotic resistance is transmitted through the air from farms.

Thursday, 29 January 2015

Medical News Today: Severe depression linked with inflammation in the brain

A new study claims to be the first to find 'definitive evidence' of an association between brain inflammation and major depression.

UF study of drug users finds people with ADHD started using at younger age

Adults with a history of ADHD who use drugs started using substances one to two years earlier than those with no ADHD history, according to a new University of Florida.

Wednesday, 28 January 2015

FDA approves first generic esomeprazole

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved the first generic version of Nexium (esomeprazole magnesium delayed-release capsules) to treat gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in adults...

Medical News Today: Mold in the home: how big a health problem is it?

Mold can cause a lot of damage in the home, spreading across walls and eating away at wood and fabric. But what effect does it have on the body?

Tuesday, 27 January 2015

Medical News Today: Violence intervention programs 'could save hospitals millions'

Researchers conducting a financial evaluation of hospital-based violence intervention programs have found that such programs could be a source of large long-term cost savings.

Medical News Today: 'Learning while you walk beats learning while you sit,' say university students

A university lecturer carried out a small study to show that his students engaged more in discussions and felt better after taking part in walking seminars conducted outdoors.

Transoral fundoplication is an effective treatment for patients with GERD

Transoral fundoplication is an effective treatment for patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), especially for patients with persistent regurgitation despite proton pump inhibitor (PPI)...

Medical News Today: Scientists find way to increase length of human telomeres

Researchers from the Stanford University School of Medicine have created a novel technique that they say can increase the length of human telomeres by up to 10%.

Sunday, 25 January 2015

Medical News Today: Video-based treatment may improve autism-related behavior in at-risk infants

Video-based therapy administered to 7-10-month-old infants at risk of autism appears to improve their engagement, attention and social behavior, a new study finds.

Saturday, 24 January 2015

Medical News Today: Sleeping on stomach 'may raise risk of sudden death in epilepsy'

Sleeping on the stomach may raise the risk of sudden unexpected death in people with epilepsy, a new study finds. Researchers say sleeping on the back instead may reduce this risk.

Friday, 23 January 2015

Published data demonstrates superiority of TIF procedure over PPI

EndoGastric Solutions (EGS) announces that Gastroenterology, the official journal of the American Gastroenterological Association (AGA) Institute and the most prominent journal in the field of...

Medical News Today: CDC: low awareness among women of birth defect risk from opioids

Many women may be unaware that prescription opioid-based painkillers such as codeine, oxycodone, hydrocodone or morphine may increase the risk for birth defects.

Medical News Today: Current guidelines to limit kids' screen-based media use 'may not be tenable'

AAP guidelines state children aged 2 and older should spend no more than 2 hours a day using screen-based media. But a new study suggests such recommendations may be unrealistic.

Thursday, 22 January 2015

Medical News Today: Memories need to be 'switched on' and are enhanced by emotion

People may have to 'turn on' their memories in order to remember details of an experience, according to Penn State psychologists - a phenomenon called 'attribute amnesia.'

Medical News Today: Gender-specific criteria could double heart attack diagnoses

Researchers find that using a new high-sensitivity blood test with gender-specific diagnostic thresholds could improve the rate of heart attack diagnosis among women.

Wednesday, 21 January 2015

Medical News Today: The impact of shift work on health

Many recent studies suggest that the irregular hours of shift work can have a negative impact on workers’ health. We have a look at why this could be and what can be done about it.

Medical News Today: One alcoholic drink a day may protect against heart failure

According to a new study, moderate drinking - up to seven small glasses of wine per week - may offer more protection against developing heart failure than abstinence from alcohol.

Tuesday, 20 January 2015

Medical News Today: A common gut bacterium may protect women against MS, study finds

Helicobacter pylori is a gut bacterium responsible for more than 80% of stomach ulcers. But a new study finds that for women, it may have a protective effect against MS.

Medical News Today: Exposure to alcohol ads on TV linked with underage drinking

A new study in JAMA Pediatrics finds an association between TV advertising of alcohol and onset and severity of drinking among adolescents.

Monday, 19 January 2015

Medical News Today: Model predicts public response to disease outbreaks

Part of the job of controlling a disease outbreak is managing the public's response so as to avoid panic and overreaction. A new study describes a computer model that may help.

Almost 1 in 5 adults with epilepsy may have symptoms of ADHD, study finds

A new study is the first to report that nearly 1 in 5 adults with epilepsy may also have ADHD, which may have implications for the treatment of epileptic patients.

Medical News Today: Almost 1 in 5 adults with epilepsy may have symptoms of ADHD, study finds

A new study is the first to report that nearly 1 in 5 adults with epilepsy may also have ADHD, which may have implications for the treatment of epileptic patients.

Sunday, 18 January 2015

Medical News Today: Could promotion of expedited partner therapy reduce STI incidence?

A new study suggests a public health program promoting expedited partner therapy for STIs may be an effective way to increase treatment uptake and reduce STI incidence.

Saturday, 17 January 2015

Medical News Today: Behavioral model may help kidney disease patients' treatment decisions

Patients with advanced CKD have to choose between two treatment options: dialysis or kidney transplantation. A new study finds a behavioral model could help them decide.

Friday, 16 January 2015

Medical News Today: 'High-intensity' disruptive behavior may indicate future problems for children

Researchers have thought that preschool children displaying symptoms of conduct disorder are more likely to exhibit antisocial behavior at school age.

Medical News Today: Universal flu vaccine will be here 'within 5 years'

Currently, flu shots target specific strains of the virus - leading to potential seasonal mismatch. Now, new research suggests a universal flu vaccine may be viable.

Thursday, 15 January 2015

Medical News Today: FDA approves surgically implanted device to treat obesity

The Food and Drug Administration have approved the Maestro Rechargeable System for certain obese adults - a weight loss treatment device that targets nerve pathways.

Medical News Today: Rates of episiotomy in the US decline

Following recommendations from experts, rates of episiotomy have fallen in the US, according to researchers. Rates vary across different hospitals and among different demographics.

Wednesday, 14 January 2015

Medical News Today: How can healthy living choices prevent birth defects?

January is National Birth Defects Prevention Month. We investigate precisely what can be done to help prevent these common disorders from occurring.

Medical News Today: Working at least 49 hours a week linked to hazardous alcohol use

People who work at least 49 hours a week may be up to 13% more likely to engage in risky alcohol use, putting their health and career at risk, according to a new study.

Tuesday, 13 January 2015

Medical News Today: Sun risk for children of melanoma survivors

New research has found that the children of melanoma survivors are not receiving optimum sun protection, despite their increased risk of developing melanoma themselves.

Medical News Today: Psychosocial experiences in childhood may influence later-life cardiovascular health

Children who have good psychosocial experiences may be more likely to have better cardiovascular health as an adult, according to the results of a new study.

Monday, 12 January 2015

Medical News Today: Study identifies levels at which five foods may trigger allergic reactions

Researchers from the UK say they have discovered the levels at which five common food allergens - peanut, hazelnut, celery, fish and shrimp - may cause allergic reactions.

Medical News Today: Potential new drug target for combating chemo-resistant cancer cells

A type of cancer cell that proliferates much more slowly than regular cancer cells has proven difficult to eradicate. A new study suggests a potential drug target for these cells.

Medical News Today: Birth control shot could increase HIV risk

A recent meta-analysis suggests that use of injectable hormonal contraceptive is associated with a moderate increase in the risk of acquiring HIV.

Sunday, 11 January 2015

Medical News Today: Almost 1 in 5 hysterectomies are 'unnecessary,' study finds

More than 18% of women in the US who undergo a hysterectomy may not need to, a study finds, while almost 40% of women are not offered alternative treatments as per recommendations.

Saturday, 10 January 2015

Medical News Today: Perfect pitch may be explained by connection between two brain regions

A new study reveals that people with perfect pitch have strong functional connectivity between two brain regions: the auditory cortex and the dorsal frontal lobe.

Friday, 9 January 2015

Medical News Today: HPV test 'more accurate' than Pap for cervical cancer screening

A single test for HPV is more accurate and less costly than Pap for cervical cancer screening, according to trial results and the recommendations of a panel of experts.

Medical News Today: 'Lab in a suitcase' set to improve Ebola virus control

Researchers have developed a lab in a suitcase that contains all the equipment and reagents necessary to diagnose Ebola in the field at the point of need within 15 minutes.

Medical News Today: Certain genetic variants may influence progression of kidney disease

Patients with a kidney disease called focal segmental glomerulosclerosis who have variants in the APOL1 gene may be at a more advanced disease stage at diagnosis, a study finds.

Thursday, 8 January 2015

Non-invasive device enables better monitoring of esophageal disease and inflammation

EnteroTrack, LLC and the University of Colorado (CU) have executed an exclusive license agreement that will allow the company to develop and market a novel device to monitor inflammation of the...

Medical News Today: High TV usage linked to increased junk food consumption

Those of us who watch a lot of TV may be more likely to reach for the junk food, finds a new study, which claims this is due to poor knowledge and fatalistic views about nutrition.

Medical News Today: 'Killer T cells' primed to distinguish and destroy shape-shifting HIV, new study

Findings of a new study reveal why attempts to eradicate latent HIV have failed and offer a strategy that could help to form a therapeutic vaccine to eradicate HIV from the body.

Wednesday, 7 January 2015

Study identifies part of brain key to controlling attention

For the first time, researchers have convincingly identified an ensemble of neurons in the brain that is crucial to focusing attention and ignoring distractions.

Friday, 2 January 2015

Needs of pediatric eosinophilic esophagitis patients may be met by steroid-based treatment

A new formulation of oral budesonide suspension, a steroid-based treatment, is safe and effective in treating pediatric patients with eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE), according to a new study in...

Thursday, 1 January 2015

New Treatment Strategy Allows Lower Doses of Toxic Tuberculosis Drug Without Compromising Potency - 12/30/14

Already known to cut proteins, the enzyme SPPL3 turns out to have additional talents, according to a new study from Johns Hopkins. In its newly discovered role, SPPL3 works without cutting proteins to activate T cells, the immune system’s foot soldiers.