Thursday, 31 December 2015

Medical News Today: New form of transmissible cancer found in Tasmanian devils

Devil facial tumor disease is a contagious cancer threatening to wipe out Tasmanian devils. Now, researchers have identified a second form of transmissible cancer in the animals.

Wednesday, 30 December 2015

Medical News Today: Epilepsy and marijuana: could cannabidiol reduce seizures?

A newly published study reveals that CBD reduces seizure frequency for children and young adults with epilepsy, offering hope for the over 5 million Americans with the condition.

Tuesday, 29 December 2015

Medical News Today: Are anxious people better equipped to handle danger?

New research suggests that non-clinical anxiety changes the 'neural coding' of external threats from sensory circuits to motor circuits, which produce action.

Monday, 28 December 2015

Medical News Today: Coffee might improve your endurance during exercise

A new analysis, looking at previous research into the effects of caffeine on endurance, shows that a cup of joe might be more beneficial than we thought.

Sunday, 27 December 2015

Medical News Today: Omega-3 helps ward off rheumatoid arthritis

People who are predisposed to develop RA are less likely to develop it if they have been taking omega-3 fish oil and supplements, say researchers.

Saturday, 26 December 2015

Medical News Today: Obesity: how much is in the genes?

Gaining weight and being unable to lose it is probably influenced by genetic factors. A better understanding of individual differences could lead to personalized therapy.

Friday, 25 December 2015

Medical News Today: Can a person learn to empathize with strangers?

Researchers suggest that just a few surprisingly positive experiences with a stranger triggers a learning signal in the brain that can increase a person's ability to empathize.

Thursday, 24 December 2015

Medical News Today: Hormone suppresses appetite for sugar and alcohol

The liver-derived hormone FGF21 suppresses mouse and primate appetite for sugar; the findings could help regulate diet to prevent or treat diabetes.

Wednesday, 23 December 2015

Medical News Today: Study reveals how hereditary gene mutations affect risk of certain cancers

Researchers have found rare germline mutations in genes across 12 different cancer types that affect a person's risk of cancer, which they say could lead to better genetic testing.

Tuesday, 22 December 2015

Medical News Today: Prolonging IVF treatment could boost success rates

While IVF is often stopped after three or four unsuccessful attempts, new research finds increasing the number of cycles past this point could lead to live births.

Vitamin A quells severity of preemie gastrointestinal disease in mice

After observing that some gastrointestinal disease in premature human and mouse infants progresses only when certain immune system white blood cells go into inflammatory overdrive, Johns Hopkins...

Monday, 21 December 2015

Medical News Today: Home births not linked to increased risk of complications

A large study reveals that planned home births do not put babies or their mothers at increased risk of harm, compared with planned hospital births.

Sunday, 20 December 2015

Medical News Today: Exercise eases hot flashes during menopause

Women who participated in a 16-week exercise program experienced milder symptoms of hot flashes than those who did not exercise. Sweating and cutaneous vasodilation were decreased.

Acupuncture 'safe and effective' for chronic pain in children

While studies have shown acupuncture is effective for chronic pain in adults, new research suggests the treatment may also be a feasible treatment for children with the condition.

Saturday, 19 December 2015

Medical News Today: Less sleep, more food and drink?

People who sleep less spend more time eating and drinking while doing another activity - such as watching television - increasing the risk of obesity.

Friday, 18 December 2015

Pycnogenol bolsters cognitive function in baby boomers

A pine bark extract called Pycnogenol has been shown to improve cognitive function in people with high levels of oxidative stress in a new study.

Medical News Today: Study provides more evidence that coffee may reduce mortality

Drinking four to five cups of coffee daily - even the decaffeinated kind - could lower risk of death from a number of causes, including heart disease and diabetes, say researchers.

Thursday, 17 December 2015

Medical News Today: The English do not have worse teeth than Americans, study proves

Austin Powers - a character created by comedian Mike Myers - plays to the stereotype that the English have bad teeth; a new study dispels this myth.

Wednesday, 16 December 2015

Medical News Today: Good outcomes when families choose antibiotics to treat appendicitis

Antibiotics can successfully treat appendicitis, if the choice is made by the family, leading to fewer disability days and lower costs.

Tuesday, 15 December 2015

Medical News Today: Shingles may lead to stroke and heart attack

The herpes zoster virus causes chickenpox and shingles; following shingles, there appears to be a higher risk of acute cardiovascular events such as stroke or myocardial infarction

Medical News Today: 22 weeks pregnant: your pregnancy week by week

What is happening in week 22 of your pregnancy? Your baby is the size of a small doll and their grip is growing stronger and stronger.

Monday, 14 December 2015

Medical News Today: Cancer rates fall in some countries, rise in others

Cancer rates have dropped in wealthier countries, where screening and prevention have improved, but they have risen in low- and middle-income countries due to lifestyle factors.

Friday, 11 December 2015

Medical News Today: How eating herbs could boost your brain

Researchers found the flavonoid apigenin - found in thyme, parsley and other plants and herbs - boosts formation of human cells and strengthens their connections.

Medical News Today: Singing and music benefit memory, emotional well-being in dementia

Helping people with dementia engage in singing or listening to music benefits not only their memory, but it also improves mood, new study finds.

Witnessing drug use can spur immediate antisocial behavior by teens

Likelihood much greater for those with 'risk-taking' gene.Seeing others drink alcohol or use drugs makes it more likely that teenagers will engage in antisocial behavior on the same day, according...

Meditation: how could it benefit your health?

Around 18 million Americans practice meditation, primarily to reduce stress. But there are many more benefits to this ancient mind and body practice. We investigate.

Wednesday, 9 December 2015

No treatment difference between some antidepressants and behaviour therapy for severe depression

Both treatments should be made accessible to patients with major depressive disorder, experts advise.

Medical News Today: Ebola transmission in Liberia tracked to one source

Genome sequencing by a research team shows that most Ebola cases in Liberia probably came from a single introduction of the virus, and this helped fuel the disease elsewhere.

Tuesday, 8 December 2015

Medical News Today: Cannabidiol shows promise for childhood epilepsy

A cannabis derivative shows promise in treating childhood epilepsy that is resistant to other medications. FDA-approved clinical trials are under way.

Monday, 7 December 2015

Medical News Today: Stroke risk for older men who take alpha-blockers

New research finds that older men who take alpha-blockers - typically used to treat high blood pressure and improve urine flow - are at increased risk for stroke.

Sunday, 6 December 2015

Medical News Today: How to improve the social status of an anxious rat

Innovative neuroscience research uses pharmaceutical interventions to turn anxious rats from shrinking violets into social butterflies.

Saturday, 5 December 2015

Medical News Today: Should portion size be regulated?

There is strong evidence that people eat more if portions are larger. To defeat obesity, researchers suggest regulatory measures to reduce portion sizes.

Transcendental Meditation and lifestyle modification increase telomerase, new study finds

Increased telomerase associated with decreased hypertension, cardiovascular disease, and cellular aging.

Thursday, 3 December 2015

Medical News Today: Obesity may be passed on through marks in men's sperm

Epigenetic markers in men's sperm change according to their weight, and if they have children when they are obese, their offspring may inherit tendencies to obesity.

New study shows high use of complementary therapies by cancer inpatients

Patients hospitalized for cancer treatment commonly use complementary and integrative health (CIH) approaches such as nutritional supplements, special diets, and massage according to a new study.

Wednesday, 2 December 2015

Medical News Today: Watching TV might slow your brain

The latest study to investigate long-term effects of television watching on cognitive functioning might have you reaching for power button on the remote.

Tuesday, 1 December 2015

Medical News Today: Protein chatter to blame for cystic fibrosis

Irrelevant chatter among proteins appears to underlie cystic fibrosis; the discovery offers hope for a solution to the life-threatening condition.

Medical News Today: Poor fitness in early adulthood linked to future death, cardiovascular risks

A study that examines cardiorespiratory fitness in young adulthood finds long-term cardiovascular benefits; previously, most studies have only examined this link in older adults.

Medical News Today: Yet another role for aspirin?

Salicylic acid and derivatives could help prevent neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's by binding to GAPDH and preventing it from entering nuclei, causing cell death.

Medical News Today: Some sugar-free drinks can also damage teeth, experts warn

Experts say consumers should be just as aware of the potential for sugar-free beverages, candy and sports drinks to cause tooth decay as they are of the link to sugar.

Medical News Today: Weight loss can preserve knee cartilage in obese people

An MRI study reveals that substantial weight loss can significantly slow the progression of knee cartilage degeneration in people who are obese.

Medical News Today: Could testosterone therapy benefit men with type 2 diabetes?

Researchers have established a link between testosterone, type 2 diabetes, obesity and renal failure, leading them to ask if testosterone could be a metabolic hormone.

Medical News Today: People who follow their instincts might be more trustworthy

New research implies that people who ignore their instinct and do not follow their gut are more likely to be dishonest and cheat when given the opportunity.

Medical News Today: Food prices influence how we judge food quality

How we rate the taste and overall quality of foods may be largely dependent on the price we pay for them, according to new research.

Medical News Today: Children with pets have less stress

Children who have a dog at home are less likely to have mental or emotional problems and anxiety. Owning pets could be a strategy to ward off mental health issues later in life.

Medical News Today: Stress worsens skin woes for students

A study of university students has shown that certain skin problems, including alopecia and pruritis can be exacerbated by stress.

Medical News Today: The hunt for the perfect condom continues

An innovation in condom technology has the potential to save countless lives. On World AIDS Day, we look at a groundbreaking condom design with a double pronged attack.

Medical News Today: WHO suggest new C-section recommendations

Rates of cesarean section vary widely between countries. The WHO suggest that 19% may be the optimal rate; the current US rate is over 30%.

Medical News Today: Breast cancer gene BRCA1 may be involved in Alzheimer's disease

Brain accumulation of beta-amyloid protein in Alzheimer's disease may cause impairments by depleting levels of a DNA repair protein produced by the breast cancer gene BRCA1.

Medical News Today: Scientists discover how giant cells dispose of big garbage

While they have known about multinucleated giant cells for a 100 years, scientists are only now clarifying their role as the immune system's specialist removers of large materials.

Medical News Today: Newly evolved human gene prevents Alzheimer's

A new study comparing levels of certain genes in chimpanzees and humans might show us a glimpse of mechanisms that evolved to stave off Alzheimer's.

Medical News Today: 20 weeks pregnant: your pregnancy week by week

What is happening in week 20 of your pregnancy? Your baby is the size of a cantaloupe and you may be able to identify its gender with an ultrasound scan.

Medical News Today: Tax increases on tobacco decrease infant mortality rates

Tobacco tax is a hot political topic. A new study shows that an increase in tobacco taxation produces a significant drop in infant mortality.

Monday, 30 November 2015

Palliative care: Music to make patients feel better

Music therapy can enhance terminally ill patients' wellbeing and relaxation. This treatment has been known since the 1970s, but there is little scientific research on the subject.

Medical News Today: Registry review shows positive results for novel heart surgery procedure

Four years after the approval of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) for aortic stenosis, a review of registry data shows the procedure has improved patient outcomes.

Sunday, 29 November 2015

Medical News Today: Women drink almost as much as men, study finds

A new analysis from the National Institutes of Health finds the gender gap for alcohol use in the US is closing, with women drinking almost as much as men.

Saturday, 28 November 2015

Medical News Today: How fatty foods could be damaging your brain

A high-fat diet does not only lead to weight gain; a new study finds too much fat in the body may also trigger an autoimmune response that destroys brain cell connections.

Friday, 27 November 2015

Medical News Today: Probiotics 'offer no health benefits' for preterm infants

Probiotic treatment does not benefit preterm babies by preventing sepsis, necrotizing enterocolitis or death, says research, which contrasts a previous study.

Thursday, 26 November 2015

Medical News Today: Novel arthritis treatment possible with new discovery

Researchers have found that 'microvesicles' - tiny particles released by cells - can penetrate human cartilage, a discovery that could lead to new treatments for arthritis.

Wednesday, 25 November 2015

Medical News Today: Healthy Thanksgiving: the science of overeating and avoiding food poisoning

Everyone loves a little indulgence over the holidays, but what happens to our body when we overindulge? We find out and look at ways to avoid a food-poisoning catastrophe.

Tuesday, 24 November 2015

Medical News Today: Does the gut microbiome tell us when we are full?

Proteins produced by the gut microbiome as a reaction to nutrients in the gut may send signals to the brain to tell a person when he or she is full or hungry.

Researchers pinpoint brain's happiness region

Researchers found that people who were happier had larger gray matter volume in a brain region called the precuneus, which they say can be targeted with meditation.

Medical News Today: Women who survive heart attack continue to live with risk

Young women who have suffered a heart attack or a stroke continue to have a higher risk of fatality or further injury than those who have not experienced a cardiovascular event.

Medical News Today: Researchers pinpoint brain's happiness region

Researchers found that people who were happier had larger gray matter volume in a brain region called the precuneus, which they say can be targeted with meditation.

Medical News Today: Study reveals how 'bacterial sex' leads to antibiotic resistance

Researchers looking into horizontal gene transfer have revealed why it can lead to the spread of traits - including antibiotic resistance.

Medical News Today: Scientists create serotonin-releasing neurons from human skin cells

Scientists have successfully turned human skin cells into neurons that signal to each other with serotonin, creating a useful lab tool for studying this essential brain chemical.

Medical News Today: Electrical chip removes nanoparticles from blood

Researchers have found an easy way to remove nanoparticles from blood by exploiting differences in the electrical properties of the particles in the plasma surrounding them.

Medical News Today: Global response to Ebola outbreak slammed by independent panel

A global panel of experts this week released a report on how the Ebola epidemic was handled. The conclusion: things need to be changed, swiftly.

Medical News Today: Virtual reality successfully used in cardiac operation

In a first-in-man operation, a virtual reality device has been used to successfully open up a chronically blocked right coronary artery.

Monday, 23 November 2015

Medical News Today: Children's academic performance predicted with a raisin and a plastic cup

Using a test involving a raisin and a plastic cup, researchers found they could predict a toddler's attention and learning abilities at the age of 8.

Sunday, 22 November 2015

Medical News Today: Eat a good breakfast, get better grades

Eating healthily, and especially eating a healthful breakfast, can double test scores, according to research into 5,000 children in the UK.

Saturday, 21 November 2015

Medical News Today: Yoga may benefit men with prostate cancer, study finds

Men receiving radiation therapy for prostate cancer may find twice-weekly yoga sessions can help maintain life quality and alleviate some side effects, new research suggests.

Yoga may benefit men with prostate cancer, study finds

Men receiving radiation therapy for prostate cancer may find twice-weekly yoga sessions can help maintain life quality and alleviate some side effects, new research suggests.

Medical News Today: Parasitic worms may influence fertility, study finds

From a study of almost 1,000 women in Bolivia, researchers found roundworm infection increased chances of pregnancy, while hookworm infection reduced it.

Thursday, 19 November 2015

Medical News Today: HIV: the ongoing stigma and its impact on testing

In light of actor Charlie Sheen's announcement that he has HIV, we look at the signs and symptoms of the virus and discuss why many people are discouraged from HIV testing.

The power of music: how it can benefit health

Music has the power to trigger a range of emotions, but increasingly, researchers have suggested it can also offer some amazing health benefits. We investigate.

Wednesday, 18 November 2015

Medical News Today: Coconut oil effective against Candida fungal infection

A new study demonstrates how mice inoculated with Candida albicans had reduced gastrointestinal colonization after being fed coconut oil.

Bright light treatment efficacious for nonseasonal major depressive disorder

Bright light treatment either alone or combined with an antidepressant was an effective and well tolerated treatment for adults with nonseasonal major depressive disorder (MDD) in a randomized...

Tuesday, 17 November 2015

Medical News Today: Alcoholism drug could help cure HIV, study finds

Researchers found that a drug used to treat alcoholism - disulfiram - awoke dormant HIV in patients with the virus, bringing a cure one step closer.

Monday, 16 November 2015

Medical News Today: Antibiotic prescribing for UTIs improves with intervention

An intervention aimed at improving antibiotic prescribing for UTIs has been deemed effective and opens new paths for future initiatives.

Sunday, 15 November 2015

Medical News Today: Mindfulness meditation reduces pain, study finds

Mindfulness meditation is shown in MRI scans to affect different parts of the brain than placebo cream, and to reduce pain more than a placebo.

Mindfulness meditation reduces pain, study finds

Mindfulness meditation is shown in MRI scans to affect different parts of the brain than placebo cream, and to reduce pain more than a placebo.

Saturday, 14 November 2015

Medical News Today: Eat vanilla yogurt, be happy, says research

Psychological tests to measure emotions around food show that vanilla makes people feel happy, and surprising tastes can change a person's mood.

Friday, 13 November 2015

Medical News Today: First clinical trial of uterus transplantation in the US wins approval

The first clinical trial of uterus transplantation in the US will be conducted by Cleveland Clinic, after the hospital received approval from its Institutional Review Board.

Thursday, 12 November 2015

Medical News Today: Premature death rates high among youth who get in trouble with the law

Young Americans who become involved in the justice system are more likely to die early, especially if their interactions become complex, involving incarceration.

Medical News Today: Could a commonly prescribed antibiotic worsen MRSA infections?

A new study in mice has found that certain antibiotics worsen MRSA infections, prompting researchers to call for clinical studies.

Medical News Today: Higher suicide risk for those whose parents die when they are young

If a parent dies of suicide, the offspring have a greater risk of committing suicide later; a new study shows that even if the parent died of other causes, the risk is also high.

Medical News Today: New vaccine could offer 'cheaper, more effective' treatment for high cholesterol

A new vaccine that targets a cholesterol-regulating protein called PCSK9 was found to dramatically reduce 'bad' cholesterol in mice and monkeys, suggesting it could work in humans.

Medical News Today: Gene study compiles catalog of biomarkers for multiple cancers

By looking for common genetic alterations in two different data volumes of cancerous versus healthy samples, researchers have compiled a robust catalog of pan-cancer biomarkers.

Medical News Today: Electrical stimulation may offer alternative to antibiotics for wound treatment

Using electrical stimulation to eliminate bacteria biofilms may offer an alternative to antibiotics for the treatment of wounds, researchers say.

Medical News Today: Olokizumab shows potential for tough-to-treat rheumatoid arthritis

Research presented at the 2015 American College of Rheumatology Annual Meeting shows long-term benefits of using olokizumab to treat RA.

Medical News Today: Antioxidants: Health Benefits and Nutritional Information

Find out more about antioxidants, natural molecules that help neutralize free radicals in our bodies, including how to incorporate more antioxidants into your diet.

Medical News Today: Obese 8-year-olds found with signs of heart disease

With the ever-worsening obesity problem in America, a new study makes some rather worrying and surprising findings: signs of heart disease start younger than expected.

Medical News Today: Post-surgery anti-heartburn med use increases risk of death

Prescribing patients PPIs in the hospital to decrease the risk of gastrointestinal bleeding may increase their chance of life-threatening infections.

Medical News Today: Changes in humor may be early indicator for dementia

Changes in humor - particularly development of a darker sense of humor - may occur at least 9 years before onset of frontotemporal dementia or Alzheimer's, a new study finds.

Tuesday, 10 November 2015

Medical News Today: Flexible, implantable device could block pain signals

Researchers have created fully implantable, wireless devices that have the potential to block pain that is not currently treatable with other therapies.

Monday, 9 November 2015

Medical News Today: A single energy drink could harm heart health for young adults

Researchers saw a rise in blood pressure and stress hormone responses among young adults just 30 minutes after they consumed one energy drink, which may raise cardiovascular risk.

Medical News Today: Ride public transport to work rather than drive to improve health

Riding a bus or train to work rather than driving may lower the risk of high blood pressure, overweight and diabetes, according to new research from Japan.

Sunday, 8 November 2015

Medical News Today: Sleepwalkers 'feel no pain' in accidents

People who sleepwalk are more likely to suffer from headaches and migraines while awake, but they may not feel pain during injuries that occur while sleepwalking, new study says.

Medical News Today: Right side of brain compensates for speech loss after stroke, study finds

Contrary to previous research, a new study suggests the right hemisphere of the brain does not hinder speech recovery after stroke - it helps improve it.

Friday, 6 November 2015

Vitamin D levels can be compared across studies and countries

Knowledge about the vitamin D level of a population is important in order to assess the proportion that is vitamin D deficient or is at risk of becoming deficient, and to develop food strategies that...

Medical News Today: 300 oranges' worth of vitamin C impairs cancer cells

The equivalent of 300 oranges' concentration of vitamin C impairs growth of KRAS- or BRAF-type colorectal cancer cells through a process of oxidization, a new study finds.

Thursday, 5 November 2015

Medical News Today: Beating the winter blues with cognitive behavioral therapy

Research has shown that CBT may be more effective in the long term than light therapy in alleviating seasonal affective disorder, a condition that affects 6% of Americans.

Doctors warn of accidental overdosing on herbal medicines

In BMJ Case Reports this week, doctors warn of the dangers posed by herbal remedies after a trained herbalist accidentally overdosed on the "deadly nightshade" herbal medicine.

Wednesday, 4 November 2015

Medical News Today: Sleep well to avoid insulin resistance

A study shows that one night's missed sleep can cause impairment to insulin sensitivity equal to 6 months on a high-fat diet, emphasizing a need for healthy sleeping habits.

Medical News Today: New guidelines for pediatric pulmonary hypertension

The American Heart Association and American Thoracic Society have produced guidelines to help doctors, health workers and parents care for children with pulmonary hypertension.

Find way to focus on dietary supplement safety, experts say

Pre-market registration, clearer disclaimers, better standards for identifying substances are good first steps to a safer market for supplements.A former principal deputy commissioner of the U.S.

Medical News Today: Anti-vaccine websites are misinforming parents, study says

Analysis of anti-vaccine websites reveals that many contain misinformation, pseudoscience and anecdotes; understanding how they work may help to counter their negative messages.

Medical News Today: Death rates on the rise for middle-aged white Americans

Death rates rose for white Americans aged 45-54 between 1998-2013, which researchers have attributed to suicide, drug and alcohol abuse, and chronic liver disease and cirrhosis.

Medical News Today: Health apps are widely downloaded, but are they used?

A new study shows that health apps are frequently used by Americans, but there are challenges to keeping users engaged. Researchers suggest areas for more engagement.

Medical News Today: Scientists developing model that predicts drug side effects in different patients

Scientists are developing a model to predict how different patients may respond to a drug based on their genetic and metabolic profiles.

Medical News Today: Protein discovery promises to improve mapping of brain tumors

Tests on rats show it is possible to better identify the edges of brain tumors on scans using a protein. If successful in humans, it could improve tumor removal and save lives.

Medical News Today: Consumption of sweetened drinks now linked to heart failure

Sweetened drinks have been linked to numerous ailments over the years. Recent research looks to add heart failure to the ever-growing list of negative health outcomes.

Medical News Today: 17 weeks pregnant: your pregnancy week by week

What is happening in week 17 of your pregnancy? Your baby is now the size of a turnip and may react to loud noises in your environment.

Medical News Today: Study sheds light on link between PCOS and mental health

Women with polycystic ovary syndrome may be at greater mental health risk, due to hormonal imbalances during fetal growth, suggests a new study.

Medical News Today: Better American diets save lives, but more can be done

Research shows that slight improvements in the American diet have helped save lives and reduce health costs, but there is still a long way to go, and more regulations are needed.

Monday, 2 November 2015

Medical News Today: Rise in US prescription drug use

Use of most prescription drugs increased in the US from 1999-2012, prompting a call for regular assessment of such data, to inform approaches to common issues in health care.

Trial reveals evidence of long-term benefits for people with chronic neck pain

A large scale investigation by researchers at the University of York found that the use of Alexander Technique or acupuncture can significantly relieve chronic neck pain.

Sunday, 1 November 2015

Medical News Today: Emotional support through marital problems frustrates husbands, study finds

While a wife likes to receive emotional support from her husband, a husband is more likely to become frustrated when giving and receiving such support, a new study finds.

Friday, 30 October 2015

Medical News Today: Adverts for kid's meals with toys draw children

A new study confirms that when children see advertisements for fast food directed at their age group, especially with toys, they will ask to visit the restaurant advertised.

Forget counting sheep - therapy could help chronic pain sufferers get a good night's sleep

Research conducted at the University of Warwick indicates that chronic pain sufferers could benefit from therapy to help them sleep better.

Thursday, 29 October 2015

Medical News Today: Aspirin: is it really a 'wonder drug'?

Aspirin is often hailed the 'wonder drug' due to its many potential health benefits. We take a look at these benefits, as well as the risks associated with the widely used drug.

Wednesday, 28 October 2015

Acid reflux medications may increase kidney disease risk

Highlights Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), a class of drugs used to treat acid reflux and other acid-related gastrointestinal conditions, may increase the risk for developing chronic kidney...

Medical News Today: Sing rather than talk to babies to keep them calm

Singing to babies may keep them calm much longer than talking to them, even if you do use baby talk, according to the findings of a new study.

Tuesday, 27 October 2015

Medical News Today: Fewer deaths from leading causes

The rate of deaths from the five leading causes - heart disease, stroke, cancer, diabetes and unintentional injuries - has fallen in the US since 1969, according to a new study.

Monday, 26 October 2015

Medical News Today: Stroke in marijuana users linked to arterial stenosis

When marijuana users suffer stroke, it is more likely to be caused by arterial stenosis than by cardioembolism, unlike in non-users.

Sunday, 25 October 2015

Medical News Today: Do American teens take more risks?

A study comparing risk-taking attitudes of children and teens in Puerto Rico and the Bronx shows that teens in the US are more likely to take risks.

Saturday, 24 October 2015

Medical News Today: Birth order 'does not affect personality'

Researchers in Germany who surveyed 20,000 people have concluded that birth order makes no difference to personality, and minimal difference to intelligence.

Friday, 23 October 2015

Medical News Today: Drug promises robust new hair growth

Researchers have found that two drugs already approved by the FDA for other conditions can help strengthen hair growth, offering hope for people with baldness and alopecia.

Thursday, 22 October 2015

Medical News Today: Plague existed 3,300 years earlier than previously thought

Research into DNA from the teeth of Iron and Bronze Age individuals shows that the Black Death existed 5,783 years ago - 3,300 years earlier than previously believed.

Medical News Today: Marijuana use has doubled in the US during the past decade

From 2001 to 2013, use of marijuana has doubled, finds a new study, which also reveals that use disorders have likewise increased during that time.

Gardening therapy helps women on long-term sick leave return to work

Being and working in a garden combined with active job coaching can effectively help women on long-term sick leave return to work.

Medical News Today: Daily aspirin could increase chance of pregnancy

Taking just an 81-mg dose of aspirin daily may increase a woman's chance of getting pregnant, particularly if they have miscarried previously, suggests new research.

Music proves to be a real hit in dementia project

Creative activities, such as designing musical instruments, can improve the quality of life of people with dementia, according to researchers at Lancaster University.

Medical News Today: Keep moving to prevent osteoarthritis, say physicists

Researchers explain how levels of sinovial fluid are maintained in cartilage and suggest that keeping active can prevent depletion and osteoarthritis.

Medical News Today: Africa more at risk from drug-resistant malaria than previously thought

Drug-resistant forms of the deadliest malaria parasite - currently confined to Asia - can infect African mosquitoes, suggesting risk of spread to Africa is higher than assumed.

Medical News Today: Scientists crunch 'big data' to produce new catalog of cancer driver genes

An analysis of two huge cancer databases identifies over 100 new cancer driver genes and helps explain how tumors driven by the same gene may lead to different patient outcomes.

Medical News Today: Botox prevents heart problems following bypass surgery

Botox appears to prevent heart rhythm problems in patients following bypass surgery, according to an article published by the AHA.

Medical News Today: Leptin gene therapy 'may be better than dieting' for weight loss

Researchers say injecting rats with an appetite-suppressing gene led to long-term weight loss without the side effect of reduced bone mass often found with dieting.

Medical News Today: Diesel exhaust alters half of flower scents honey bees use to find food

New research reveals that diesel exhaust degrades 50% of the most common floral scents used by bees to search for flowers and could be contributing to the decline in pollinators.

Medical News Today: Hearts age differently in men and women

Research comparing MRI scans taken 10 years apart reveals that men's and women's hearts change differently over time; for instance, men's tend to get heavier and hold less blood.

Medical News Today: AAP: abstain from alcohol during pregnancy

The American Academy of Pediatrics insist that no alcohol should be consumed during pregnancy in order to prevent fetal alcohol spectrum disorders.

Medical News Today: 15 weeks pregnant: your pregnancy week by week

What is happening in week 15 of your pregnancy? Your baby is now the size of a navel orange and is developing its ability to breathe.

Medical News Today: Leukemia cells can kill each other, study finds

Scientists have stumbled upon a way to make leukemia cells kill each other, through the application of antibodies. In lab conditions, 15% of cells were killed in 24 hours.

Medical News Today: Number of moles on right arm could predict risk of deadly skin cancer

Researchers suggests the risk of melanoma skin cancer may be predicted by the number of moles a person has on their right arm - a finding they say could be useful for doctors.

Medical News Today: People in vegetative state may be able to respond

Scientists have discovered where the blockage lies that prevents people who are aware - but in a vegetative state - from responding.

Medical News Today: Preterm birth may weaken babies' brain connections

Babies who are born prematurely may experience weaker connections in brain networks linked to attention, communication and emotion, a new study suggests.

Wednesday, 21 October 2015

Medical News Today: Gene indicates higher risk of heart disease for women

Researchers have identified a high-risk version of gene that interacts with high estrogen levels in women, increasing the chance of heart disease.

Medical News Today: New guidelines for breast cancer screening age

The ACS have issued new breast cancer screening guidelines, starting with optional screening from 40, and including annual screening from 45-54 years.

Medical News Today: IVF breakthrough: novel DNA test could more than double success rates

Researchers have developed a test that can measure levels of mitochondrial DNA in embryos, which may help doctors identify embryos likely to lead to successful pregnancy via IVF.

Tuesday, 20 October 2015

Medical News Today: Stored blood transfusion 'safe' after heart surgery

Despite previous conflicting studies, new research finds that use of stored blood for transfusions after heart surgery is safe and does not influence patient outcomes.

Medical News Today: Food allergy prevention: should we give infants peanuts?

Though previous guidelines recommended delaying the introduction of potentially allergenic foods to infants, a new review suggests the earlier, the better, to prevent allergy.

Sunday, 18 October 2015

Medical News Today: Antibody test could detect Alzheimer's at preventable stage

A new test for antibodies could make it possible to detect Alzheimer's and other diseases at a stage early enough to preempt, delay or prevent them.

Saturday, 17 October 2015

Medical News Today: Danger of listeria in caramel apples

Following an outbreak of listeria in 2014, caused by caramel apples, researchers warn that they must be eaten fresh or kept in a refrigerator.

Friday, 16 October 2015

Medical News Today: Scientists identify neural switch for dreaming

Researchers found that activating certain neurons in the brains of mice immediately induced REM sleep - the dreaming phase - while deactivating them stopped REM sleep.

Medical News Today: Could 6.5 hours of sleep be all we need?

A study of three groups of people living as hunter-gatherers in different parts of the world suggests that lack of sleep is not specific to the 'modern' world.

Wednesday, 14 October 2015

Medical News Today: Novel technique shows how autism affects social brain

An MRI tool has been used to investigate the effect of autism on the areas of the brain affecting social interaction, highlighting lack of connectivity and excess blood flow.

Tuesday, 13 October 2015

Medical News Today: Epidemic in disorders related to prescription opioids

A major study has shown that while use of opioids for nonmedical purposes has decreased, the disorders relating to use have increased, in what is being termed an 'epidemic.'

No proof that 85% of depression treatment apps accredited by NHS actually work

Seal of approval may falsely reassure patients; these apps should be removed from NHS libraryThere is no proof that 85% of the depression apps currently recommended by the NHS for patients to...

Medical News Today: New compound found to cure Ebola in monkeys

Researchers from the US have collaborated on a treatment for Ebola with 100% success in curing primate monkeys, offering hope that a therapy will be developed in the near future.

Medical News Today: Diamonds could help detect cancer early

A synthetic version of diamonds - called nanodiamonds - could lead to early detection of cancers through MRI imaging, according to new a study by researchers from Australia.

Medical News Today: CPR: how can a metronome save a child's life?

A new study finds that using a metronome improves the percentage of compressions delivered within an acceptable rate to pediatric manikins when administering CPR.

Medical News Today: Solar power helping to purify water in remote communities

A solar-powered system developed by MIT engineers is helping a remote community of subsistence farmers in Mexico to convert brackish well water and rain water into purified water.

Medical News Today: Brain discovery may lead to new treatments for peripheral neuropathy

A discovery about the molecular mechanisms that control pain signals to a region of the brain promises to open new research avenues for the treatment of peripheral neuropathy.

Medical News Today: A man's life behaviors may impact grandchildren's health

Researchers suggest a man's life behaviors may alter a protein found in sperm to influence the health of both his children and grandchildren.

Medical News Today: New test can predict a man's sexual orientation

Researchers have created an algorithm that identifies genetic changes to predict whether a man is homosexual or heterosexual with up to 70% accuracy.

Medical News Today: Low oxygen before birth, high-salt diet may pose risk for cardiovascular disease

Experiments on mice show that low oxygen before birth and a high-salt diet in later life increase the chance of cardiovascular disease.

Sunday, 11 October 2015

Medical News Today: Do flame retardants cause attention problems in children?

Children born to women with high levels of PBDEs in their cord blood during pregnancy show elevated signs of attention deficiency. PBDEs were used as a flame retardant until 2004.

Saturday, 10 October 2015

Medical News Today: How can happiness make your heart healthier?

People with coronary heart disease who think positively develop better health habits, leading to better outcomes, according to new research.

Friday, 9 October 2015

Medical News Today: Depression: not a normal part of aging

In line with Mental Health Awareness Week, we look at the risk factors for depression among older adults, as well as the signs of the condition and how it can be treated.

Thursday, 8 October 2015

Medical News Today: Bariatric surgery can increase tendency to self-harm

Research has found that bariatric surgery can increase the likelihood of self-harm and suicide in some morbidly obese patients, suggesting a need to review counseling procedures.

Tuesday, 6 October 2015

Medical News Today: Sex 'alters' immune system to increase chances of pregnancy

New research suggests that having sex - even during so-called non-fertile periods - changes the immune system, increasing chances of conception.

Medical News Today: Dishwashing could help relieve stress

Though often seen as a mundane chore, a new study suggests dishwashing can be an effective stress-relieving tool if we focus solely on the task at hand.

Dishwashing could help relieve stress

Though often seen as a mundane chore, a new study suggests dishwashing can be an effective stress-relieving tool if we focus solely on the task at hand.

Sunday, 4 October 2015

Medical News Today: To live longer, replace 1 hour of sitting with walking daily

Could it be this simple? A new study suggests replacing sitting with walking for 1 hour each day could reduce the risk of early death by up to 14%.

Saturday, 3 October 2015

Medical News Today: Infant use of asthma medication linked to stunted growth

Researchers have found that the use of inhaled corticosteroids during the first 2 years of life may be linked with stunted growth, potentially leading to loss of growth potential.

Thursday, 1 October 2015

Aspects of patient/physician interaction may help alleviate heartburn symptoms

The results of a small study of patients being treated for chronic heartburn suggest that the longer, more comprehensive interaction that is typical of visits with complementary and integrative...

Medical News Today: Breast cancer: are men the forgotten victims?

In the US, 2,360 men will be diagnosed with breast cancer this year. But still, many people believe that it only affects women. We investigate the reasons why.

Wednesday, 30 September 2015

Medical News Today: A single test could detect almost any virus

In the future, one test could detect any virus in a human or animal. Enhanced virome sequencing has already been proven to indicate 52% more viruses than standard testing.

Tuesday, 29 September 2015

Medical News Today: Aspirin may double survival for cancer patients

Patients with gastrointestinal cancers who took aspirin after diagnosis were more than twice as likely to survive as those who did not take the drug, a new study finds.

Sleep clinics offer hope to parents of children with intellectual disabilities

Sleep clinics aimed at parents of children with challenging behaviour can improve the chances of a peaceful night, a team of specialists has concluded.

Medical News Today: Study finds drug improves survival for patients with non-small cell lung cancer

A new phase 3 trial finds that overall survival is longer for patient with non-small cell lung cancer treated with the drug nivolumab compared with chemotherapy drug docetaxel.

Monday, 28 September 2015

Medical News Today: Study identifies possible treatment for preeclampsia

Researchers have uncovered a possible treatment for preeclampsia, identifying a strategy that could increase the duration of a pregnancy by 8-15 days.

Friday, 25 September 2015

Medical News Today: Study links hearing impairment to increased risk of death

New research finds that the risk of death is increased as a result of hearing impairment in the over-70s, for those with mild as well as more severe hearing loss.

Thursday, 24 September 2015

Medical News Today: Study highlights which fruits and vegetables can aid weight loss

A survey of more than 130,000 Americans has shown that consuming fruits and vegetables does lead to weight loss, and highlights the ones that are best for this purpose.

Wednesday, 23 September 2015

Medical News Today: Sleep apnea 'could be misdiagnosed as depression'

Around 73% of people with sleep apnea were found to have depressive symptoms in a new study, suggesting the sleep condition could be misdiagnosed as depression.

Tuesday, 22 September 2015

Medical News Today: Existing arthritis drug bodes well for Alzheimer's

Research into tau acetylation has led researchers to believe that salsalate - a drug used to treat arthritis - may help prevent and reverse some of the effects of Alzheimer's.

Task Force recommends behavioral interventions and medication to help smokers quit

The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommends counseling and pharmaceutical interventions to help adults and pregnant women quit smoking.

Monday, 21 September 2015

Medical News Today: New study finds brain disease in 95% of deceased NFL players

Researchers have identified chronic traumatic encephalopathy in 95% of brains tested belonging to ex-NFL players, indicating a link between football and long-term brain disease.

Sunday, 20 September 2015

Medical News Today: Silicone vaginal ring may help protect underprivileged women against HIV, herpes

Scientists hope a new silicone vaginal ring design will enable effective delivery of drugs against human immunodeficiency virus and sexually transmitted diseases.

Saturday, 19 September 2015

Medical News Today: Beetroot juice benefits patients with heart failure

A new study that takes the experience of elite athletes who have a diet high in nitrates shows there are benefits for people with heart failure, too.

Friday, 18 September 2015

Medical News Today: Long naps and daytime sleepiness could increase risk of diabetes

A new meta-analysis suggests that napping for longer than an hour and excessive daytime sleepiness could be linked with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes.

Medical News Today: How an evening coffee can disrupt our body clock

A new study finds that consuming caffeine in the evening delays the body clock by 40 minutes, with implications for jet lag and sleep disorders.

Wednesday, 16 September 2015

Medical News Today: Leukemia virus in cattle may raise risk for human breast cancer

A new study suggests bovine leukemia virus presents higher odds for human breast cancer than obesity, alcohol consumption or postmenopausal hormones.

Yoga may improve symptoms of arthritis

A new study suggests yoga may lead to improvements in physical and mental wellbeing for individuals with osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.

Monday, 14 September 2015

Toxins in herbal medicines "can harm our health"

People who take unregulated complementary medicines are at a higher risk of being contaminated by heavy metals, a medical scientist has warned.

Medical News Today: Mediterranean diet with olive oil linked to reduced risk of breast cancer

A study in Spain cautiously suggests that a Mediterranean diet with olive oil may help prevent breast cancer, compared with a low-fat diet.

Saturday, 12 September 2015

Medical News Today: Could longer school lunch periods encourage healthy eating?

Giving students more time to eat their lunch, new research suggests, may allow them to eat more of their meal and encourage healthier food choices.

Pharmacists have a real role in advising on use of complementary medicines, Australia

The Pharmaceutical Society of Australia, the peak organisation representing pharmacists across all sectors of the profession, has issued a position statement recognising that complementary...

Friday, 11 September 2015

Medical News Today: Blood test could replace biopsy for cancer diagnosis

A new blood test proves almost 70% accurate in diagnosing cancer by identifying cancer-related gene mutations. Researchers say it could soon replace biopsy for some patients.

Thursday, 10 September 2015

Medical News Today: WHO: child mortality under 6 million for first time

A WHO joint report says while global rates of under-5 deaths have plunged to under 50% of their 1990 levels, big challenges remain, especially in the period at or around birth.

Medical News Today: Men with a high BMI at lower risk of rheumatoid arthritis

A high BMI in men and the type of fat men develop could be reducing their risk of getting rheumatoid arthritis, according to new research from Sweden.

Medical News Today: Novel biodegradable implant 'captures' spreading cancer cells

A tiny biodegradable implant successfully halted cancer progression in mice by 'trapping' circulating cancer cells, preventing them from starting tumors in other parts of the body.

Medical News Today: Naturally occurring compounds could block protein behind age-related muscle loss

Naturally occurring compounds found in apple peel and green tomatoes could be harnessed to prevent age-related muscle wasting, according to the findings of a new study.

Medical News Today: Scientists attack malaria in blood cells by altering parasite genes

Drug resistance is a major contributor to the worldwide malaria problem. Now, a new study suggests a new way to attack resistant parasites in the blood by disrupting key genes.

Medical News Today: Arthritis may increase risk of falling into poverty

A new study from Australia covering more than 4,000 adults suggests that developing arthritis may increase the risk of falling into poverty - especially for women.

Medical News Today: Outcomes for extremely preterm infants improved over last 20 years

A study reveals a number of improvements to the health outcomes of extremely preterm infants, such as an increase in survival without complications for those born at 25-28 weeks.

Medical News Today: Prevalence of diabetes in the US plateaus but remains high, study finds

Almost half the US adult population has diabetes or prediabetes, according to a new study. However, the study also reveals that diabetes prevalence in the country has leveled off.

Medical News Today: Is cheese good for you?

When it comes to cheese, you will either hear that it is good for you, or that it can harm your health. So which is true? MNT examines the case for and against cheese.

Medical News Today: E-cigarettes 'a gateway to conventional smoking' for teens, young adults

A new study adds to increasing evidence that electronic cigarettes act as a 'gateway' to traditional cigarette use for adolescents and young adults.

Medical News Today: Thousands of lives at risk from snake bites as doctors warn antivenom is running dry

The last batch of effective snake bite antivenom known as Fav-Afrique is due to run out in 2016 and a replacement is unlikely until at least 2018, warn MSF.

Medical News Today: Smoking cessation drug 'does not raise risk of heart disease, depression'

Contrary to previous reports, a new study suggests the widely used smoking cessation drug varenicline (Chantix) is not associated with heart disease, depression or self-harm.

Medical News Today: Drug that prevents chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting wins FDA approval

Regulators have approved Varubi (rolapitant) to prevent delayed phase chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting, a side effect that can disrupt patients' lives and their therapy.

Medical News Today: Scientists map 1,000 molecular tools common to cells across tree of life

In mapping the instructions for making 1,000 protein complexes common to most animals, scientists offer a powerful tool for studying causes of diseases like cancer and Alzheimer's.

Medical News Today: Deadly melanoma discovery supports immunotherapy treatment for cancer

Research into desmoplastic melanoma by an international team of scientists based at UCSF points toward immunotherapy as an effective approach to treating cancer.

Medical News Today: New test developed to measure healthy aging

A new molecular test to calculate biological age could help clinicians to identify the people most at risk of age-related diseases.

Medical News Today: Researchers uncover biomarker that may help predict stomach cancer survival

A new study from China identifies an important biomarker in stomach cancer lesions that gives patients a more reliable indicator of their survival rates.

Medical News Today: Almost a fifth of students using e-cigarettes to vape cannabis

A recent study of high school students found that nearly 1 in 5 had used electronic cigarettes to vaporized cannabis or byproducts of the drug.

Medical News Today: Work stress 'damages health as much as secondhand smoke exposure'

Job stressors such as long work hours and and high job demands may harm health as much as secondhand smoke exposure, according to the findings of a new study.

Tuesday, 8 September 2015

Medical News Today: Stroke brain damage could reveal key to treating addiction

New research reveals that smokers who had stroke in a specific region of the brain were considerably more likely to quit smoking that those whose strokes occurred elsewhere.

Monday, 7 September 2015

Medical News Today: Infants more likely to catch whooping cough from siblings than mothers

The AAP have found a shift in the source of transmission of pertussis from mothers to siblings and call for greater protection through booster vaccinations.

Sunday, 6 September 2015

Medical News Today: Vitamin C 'as effective as exercise' for obesity vascular health

A small study on the effects of vitamin C finds the supplement is as effective as exercise against a blood vessel-constricting protein, benefiting cardiovascular health.

Friday, 4 September 2015

Medical News Today: How can aspirin help to cure cancer?

Studies have suggested aspirin and other NSAIDs may help fight cancer if used alongside other immunotherapy treatments. Now, new research adds to the evidence.

Acupuncture reduces hot flashes in breast cancer survivors

Findings also highlight acupuncture's ability to induce a stronger placebo effect than oral medicationsAcupuncture may be a viable treatment for women experiencing hot flashes as a result of...

Thursday, 3 September 2015

Medical News Today: Bionic suit helps paralyzed man take voluntary steps

A paralyzed man has been able to move his legs voluntarily, making thousands of steps, thanks to a robotic step-training device and noninvasive spinal stimulation.

Wednesday, 2 September 2015

Medical News Today: Breastfeeding brings benefits for mothers with MS

Recent research has found that breastfeeding may help mothers with multiple sclerosis to avoid relapses in the first 6 months after giving birth.