Tuesday, 31 March 2015

Medical News Today: New study investigates the link between family income and brain development

A new study finds that small differences in family income are associated with relatively large surface area differences in important brain regions among children in these families.

Medical News Today: Breast cancer 'is not a single disease,' say experts

A new report from the National Cancer Institute and other bodies claims breast cancer consists of four subtypes, and incidence of these subtypes varies by age and other factors.

Monday, 30 March 2015

Medical News Today: Higher coffee consumption may protect against liver cancer

Evidence has emerged from the World Cancer Research Fund International CUP report on liver cancer that finds drinking coffee may reduce the risk of liver cancer.

Medical News Today: Our recall of familiar objects - like the Apple logo - may not be as accurate we think

A study that tested ability to recall the Apple logo, found only 1 out of 85 participants was able to draw it correctly, despite many being confident they would be able to do so.

Medical News Today: Many parents may not recognize child obesity

A new study of nearly 3,000 UK children finds that only four parents described their child as being very overweight despite BMI scales showing 369 children were in that category.

Medical News Today: Fecal transplantation 'more effective than previously thought' for C. diff infection

Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) provides both short- and long-term benefits for patients with C. difficile infection, according to a new study.

Sunday, 29 March 2015

Medical News Today: Sugar-seeking MRI could be used to detect early-stage cancer

Johns Hopkins researchers are trialling a new MRI technique to detect early-stage cancer, guide biopsies and monitor chemotherapy response.

Saturday, 28 March 2015

Medical News Today: Better joint replacement outcomes for obese patients who have weight-loss surgery

Weight-loss surgery prior to a knee or hip replacement for severely overweight patients may lead to better outcomes, according to two new studies.

Friday, 27 March 2015

Medical News Today: 'Insufficient evidence' that natural sweetener xylitol prevents tooth decay

A new review of published studies found low-quality evidence that xylitol in toothpaste protects against cavities, and even less quality evidence of it doing so in other products.

Roseroot may have potential as alternative treatment for depression

Researchers have found the herb roseroot may have antidepressive qualities, suggesting that it could have potential as an alternative treatment for mild to moderate depression.

Medical News Today: Wounds heal faster with help from nanoparticles

When tested on the skin of mice, a new experimental therapy that uses nanoparticles to deliver an enzyme blocker cut wound healing time in half compared with no treatment.

Medical News Today: Whole virus vaccine for Ebola found to effectively protect monkeys

Scientists have developed a new vaccine to treat Ebola that uses an inactivated whole virus to hopefully provide a broader and more robust immune response.

Medical News Today: Men who kept highly fit in midlife reduced their cancer death risks in older life

Keeping fit is good for the heart, and now oncologists have evidence that keeping fit in midlife may reduce the risk of death from cancer after the age of 65 years.

Thursday, 26 March 2015

Medical News Today: How important is the name of a disease? Do names influence treatment?

Does the name given to a disease affect how it is treated? We look at a number of examples from around the world and attempt to gauge the impact of a recommended name change.

Medical News Today: Study vailidates first 'gold standard' technique for identifying early signs of Alzheimer's

The first 'gold standard' technique for measuring brain tissue loss - an early sign of Alzheimer's disease - has been validated in a new study led by UCLA researchers.

Medical News Today: Man-made pollution may be affecting deep-sea fish

Following similar findings in mountain lakes and coastal waters, scientists suggest human-caused pollution may be having pathological effects on deep-sea fish.

Medical News Today: What are the health benefits of chia seeds?

Find out about the potential health benefits of chia seeds including preventing and treating diverticulitis, helping with weight loss and maintaining blood pressure.

Wednesday, 25 March 2015

Medical News Today: 'Heat-beater' beans could protect staple food as planet warms

Beans - a staple food for nearly half a billion people - are under threat from rising temperatures. Now new heat-proof strains promise to protect this vital source of protein.

Medical News Today: Ovarian cancer treatment set to improve following biomarker discovery

The discovery of a biomarker that predicts the response to chemotherapy in patients with the most malignant form of ovarian cancer will help lead to better treatment options.

Medical News Today: Report warns of 'serious health risks' associated with online breast milk

In a new report published in The BMJ, experts from the UK warn that breast milk purchased online may pose serious health risks to infants and call for the market to be regulated.

Medical News Today: ¿Qué es la serotonina? ¿Cuál es su función?

La serotonina es un neurotransmisor, también conocido como 5-hidroxitriptamina, el cual podemos encontrar en la glándula pineal, las plaquetas de la sangrey y el tracto digest.

Tuesday, 24 March 2015

Medical News Today: Harms of maternal smoking may be reflected in facial movements of fetuses

The harmful effects of smoking during pregnancy may be reflected in a higher rate of mouth and facial-touch movements in unborn babies, according to a pilot study.

Medical News Today: Only 45% of people with Alzheimer's disease are given their diagnosis

The Alzheimer’s Association find that disclosure rates for the disease are “disturbingly low,” with less than half of patients reporting that they were told the diagnosis.

Medical News Today: Growth of global antibiotic use for livestock raises concerns about drug resistance

Use of antibiotics in livestock - used routinely in modern farming to prevent disease and promote growth - is set to rise 67% by 2030, raising concerns about increasing superbugs.

Medical News Today: Bringing chefs into school kitchens proves effective in randomized trial for healthy eating

A new study published in JAMA Pediatrics finds that chef-led school meals are effective at making healthy eating palatable for kids.

Autistic and non-autistic brain differences isolated for first time

New big data methodology can analyse over 1 billion pieces of dataThis is a brain model with regions of interest highlighted.

Medical News Today: ¿Qué es un linfoma? Causas, síntomas y tratamientos

Aprenda todo lo relacionado con los linfomas, un cáncer presente en el sistema inmunológico y glóbulos blancos de la sangre. Encuentre diagnósticos y tratamientos.

Monday, 23 March 2015

Medical News Today: A short daytime nap could improve memory by fivefold, study finds

Researchers found that participants who slept for 45-60 minutes after a learning task had much better subsequent memory recall than those who did not have a nap.

Medical News Today: Genetic engineering pioneer urges caution on editing human genome

Jennifer A. Doudna, inventor of a new DNA-editing tool, and 17 other scientists and ethicists call for a worldwide moratorium on creating inheritable changes to the human genome.

Medical News Today: Early detection of osteoarthritis via blood test in sight, says study

There is currently no blood test for early-stage osteoarthritis. Now, a new study shows it is possible to detect a biomarker of the disease in the blood before bone damage occurs.

Medical News Today: Vitamin D supplements may reverse progression of low-grade prostate tumors

The preliminary results of a small randomized controlled trial suggest that patients with less aggressive prostate tumors may benefit from taking vitamin D supplements.

Medical News Today: ¿Qué es la frecuencia cardiaca? ¿Cuál es el pulso normal de una persona?

Encuentre todo lo relacionado con la frecuencia cardíaca (cuántas veces el corazón se contrae y se relaja por minuto) y cómo tomar su pulso.

Sunday, 22 March 2015

Medical News Today: Acne patients: 'substantial proportion' fail to collect prescribed treatment

Dermatologist-prescribed treatments are being left on pharmacy shelves by up to a quarter of people with acne, according to a new study.

Saturday, 21 March 2015

Medical News Today: Study warns of increasing incidence of brain bleeds in US population over next 15 years

A study estimates that by 2030, around 60,000 Americans a year will develop chronic brain bleeds, with many needing neurosurgery. This may put a strain on the medical community.

Friday, 20 March 2015

Medical News Today: An extra hour of sleep 'boosts women's likelihood of sex'

Women are 14% more likely to have sex with their partner if they get an additional hour of sleep the previous night, according to a new study.

Medical News Today: Breast cancer survey: black and Hispanic women have less say in care

Study reveals racial differences in the level of involvement women have in their breast cancer care, with minorities being less active in the selection of surgeon or hospital.

Medical News Today: Trust grows with age and is good for well-being, study shows

New research finds trust grows as we age and there is a strong link between trust and well-being through life, suggesting it is not a liability for older people.

Medical News Today: An interlock device in every new car 'could prevent 80% of drunk-driving deaths'

Introducing interlock devices to all newly built vehicles could prevent more than 60,000 alcohol-related motor vehicle deaths over the next 15 years, finds a new study.

Medical News Today: New drug 'halts disease progression' in patients with hard-to-treat Hodgkin lymphoma

Brentuximab vedotin proved effective in stopping disease progression in patients with hard-to-treat Hodgkin lymphoma when administered straight after stem cell transplantation.

Thursday, 19 March 2015

Medical News Today: Beauty in the beasties: how some of the world's creepiest critters may benefit your health

Spiders, snakes, bees; not many of us can say we like being around these creatures. But like them or not, they seem to be doing wonders for the medical world.

Medical News Today: Vitamin D 'ineffective as treatment for hypertension'

Researchers report that vitamin D supplementation does not work as an antihypertensive agent and cannot be recommended to control high blood pressure.

Medical News Today: Are people who bite their nails perfectionists?

Pulling hair, biting nails, picking skin are not simply 'nervous' habits, a new study finds, suggesting they are instead associated with perfectionism, frustration and boredom.

Medical News Today: Study uncovers new clues about overproduction of mucus in asthma and COPD

New insights into how mucus is overproduced in diseases like asthma and COPD may lead to new treatments for these and other airway diseases.

Medical News Today: 'Groundbreaking' malaria discovery holds hope for new treatments

Researchers find it is brain swelling in children with cerebral malaria that causes them to die from the disease - a discovery that may lead to new treatments for the condition.

Medical News Today: Doctors show race and social bias in study - but clinical decisions 'unaffected'

In online psychological tests of automatic responses, clinicians at a hospital showed subconscious race and social class biases, but these did not influence overall care provision.

Wednesday, 18 March 2015

Medical News Today: New 'MIND' diet linked to reduced risk of Alzheimer's

The MIND diet - a hybrid of the Mediterranean and DASH diets - was linked to reduced Alzheimer's risk in a new study, even among participants who did not follow it explicitly.

Medical News Today: Scientists compile 'spectral library' to help search for life on other planets

One way to search for life on other planets is to study their colors for spectral biosignatures of life forms. Now, scientists have made a color catalog based on Earth's microbes.

Medical News Today: Statin drug rosuvastatin 'does not deserve' best-selling slot

Rosuvastatin has been lambasted in The BMJ by a doctor working for consumer group Public Citizen - and he hopes the statin's sales 'decline' for 'the sake of public's health.'

Medical News Today: Genetic variations may influence effect of aspirin, NSAIDs on colorectal cancer risk

While numerous studies have linked aspirin and NSAID use to lower risk of colorectal cancer, a new study claims this association may depend on specific genetic variations.

Tuesday, 17 March 2015

Medical News Today: 'Substandard vaccination' blamed for measles outbreak

In a research letter, experts state that suboptimal vaccination levels have impaired community immunity to the disease and put the greater population at risk.

Medical News Today: TB's ability to evade immune system becomes clearer in large study

The largest genetic study ever undertaken to examine people's susceptibility to tuberculosis reveals important clues about the bacterium's effect on dendritic cells.

Medical News Today: Police officers among 'most at risk' for workplace suicide

A study finds that law enforcement is among the most likely occupations for suicide, with farmers, doctors and soldiers also at the highest risk.

Pharmacists misrepresented in newsletter articles over homeopathy report, Australia

A recent headline in medical newsletters stating 'Pharmacists reluctant to give up on homeopathy' misrepresents the public position of the Pharmaceutical Society of Australia, the peak professional...

Medical News Today: Police officers most at risk from occupational suicide, stats suggest

Study finds that law enforcement is among the most likely occupations for suicide, with farmers, doctors and soldiers also at the highest risk.

Medical News Today: What is the global economic burden of type 2 diabetes?

A new study investigating the global economic impact of type 2 diabetes finds that the US has the highest lifetime health care costs associated with the condition.

Monday, 16 March 2015

Medical News Today: Loneliness and social isolation linked to early mortality

A new systematic review has revealed that a lack of social relationships could result in an increased risk of premature mortality comparable to obesity.

Medical News Today: Skyrocketing cancer drug costs 'are damaging patient care'

In an article published in Mayo Clinic Proceedings, oncologists make recommendations on how to curb the rapidly escalating costs of cancer drugs in the US.

Medical News Today: Common herpes drug reduces HIV levels

A groundbreaking trial shows that the common herpes antiviral valacyclovir reduces levels of HIV-1 even in patients without herpes - contrary to previous studies.

Medical News Today: Computational tool identifies 800 risk factors for PTSD

Researchers have developed a computational tool that can establish the risk of post-traumatic stress disorder developing in individuals within ten days of a traumatic event.

Medical News Today: Injured kidneys may be more viable for transplant than previously thought

A Yale University study finds that it may be worth considering kidneys with acute injuries from deceased donors to fill the growing need for organ transplants.

Sunday, 15 March 2015

Medical News Today: Regional factors may drive inappropriate breast, prostate cancer imaging, study finds

Regional culture and infrastructure may be behind high rates of inappropriate breast and prostate cancer imaging, finds a new study.

Saturday, 14 March 2015

Medical News Today: East/west divide on US cold-related death statistics

Why do states in the US West show much higher death rates because of exposure to the cold than the rest of the country? The researchers are not quite sure, but the stats stand out.

Friday, 13 March 2015

Medical News Today: Raising legal smoking age to 21 will save 'millions of lost life years' for today's children

The Institute of Medicine have produced a report on what the public health implications of raising the minimum age of legal access for tobacco products would be.

Medical News Today: Brain abnormalities and poor long-term memory among young cannabis users

A new study has found that young adults who smoked marijuana daily as teens perform worse on memory tests and have hippocampal abnormalities, compared with non-users.

Medical News Today: 'Cell-tweaking' technique offers treatment hope for 'bubble boy disease' SCID

For the first time, researchers have generated missing immune cells from gene-edited stem cells made from cells of a patient with X-linked severe combined immunodeficiency disease.

Medical News Today: Experts call for UN to lead efforts toward tobacco-free world

Experts believe a tobacco-free world could be achievable in less than 30 years time with the help of governments, international agencies and civil society.

Thursday, 12 March 2015

Medical News Today: Alzheimer's 'breakthrough:' noninvasive ultrasound technique restores memory in mice

A noninvasive ultrasound technology cleared beta-amyloid plaques in the brains of Alzheimer's mouse models, restoring their memory to healthy levels, a new study reveals.

Medical News Today: Mental and physical exercises may protect against cognitive decline in the elderly

A comprehensive intervention targeting the most important risk factors for age-related dementia has proved successful at reducing cognitive decline in seniors.

NHMRC releases statement and advice on homeopathy, Australia

The National Health and Medical Research Council today released a statement concluding that there is no good quality evidence to support the claim that homeopathy is effective in treating health...

Medical News Today: Brain's 'compass' keeps working during sleep

A new study of mice shows that head-direction cells in the brain - which act like a compass - are as electrically active during sleep as they are when the animals are awake.

Medical News Today: Physical activity may protect older people from brain damage

A new study has demonstrated that older people who remain physically active could be protecting themselves from brain damage associated with movement difficulties.

Wednesday, 11 March 2015

Medical News Today: The gut microbiome: how does it affect our health?

The tens of trillions of microbes that live in the gut have some important implications for health, but do you know what they are? We investigate.

Medical News Today: Avoid 'overvaluing' your child to prevent narcissism

'Emotional warmth' in parenting is the key to making sure your children grow up full of self-esteem, rather than narcissism, according to a new study.

Study finds 17% of college students misuse ADHD drugs

A recent study reports that 1 in 6 college students in the US misuse common medication originally prescribed to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.

Medical News Today: Sleep apnea tied to higher risk of road traffic accidents

A new study suggests drivers with obstructive sleep apnea have an increased risk of road traffic accidents and that the risk reduces if they are receiving CPAP treatment.

Can intensive mindfulness training improve depression?

Depression affects about 350 million people worldwide and is the leading cause of disability. Mindfulness training is a promising approach to decreasing depressive symptoms.

Medical News Today: Mix of stress, depression 'raises heart attack, death risk in heart disease patients'

Patients with coronary heart disease who experience high levels of both stress and depression may be at much higher short-term risk of heart attack or death, a new study finds.

A systems approach elucidates the mechanisms of action of traditional oriental medicine

A Korean research team at KAIST suggests that a systems approach using metabolite structural similarity helps to elucidate the mechanisms of action of traditional oriental medicineTraditional...

Tuesday, 10 March 2015

Medical News Today: FDA warn Chantix could affect patients' alcohol tolerance

People taking the smoking cessation drug are advised to reduce the amount of alcohol they drink until they know how Chantix affects their capacity to tolerate alcohol.

Medical News Today: Brain protein 'can suppress binge drinking'

A new study has identified a naturally occurring protein in the brain that suppresses binge drinking behavior. The protein could form the basis of new drug treatments.

Medical News Today: Drug testing using 'heart-on-a-chip' steps closer

A new study shows that organ-on-a-chip methods could soon offer more accurate, faster and cheaper ways of testing the safety and effectiveness of new drugs than using animals.

Medical News Today: Youth suicide: rural toll rising more than urban, including by gun

New data show rural areas suffer proportionally more suicide among young people than urban areas. Reducing gun access, doctors argue, at least by safe storage, could cut the toll.

Medical News Today: Study links vegetarian diet to reduced risk of colorectal cancer

Eating a vegetarian diet may reduce the risk of developing colorectal cancer by 22%, with a pescovegetarian diet alone almost halving risk of the disease, according to a new study.

Monday, 9 March 2015

Medical News Today: 'Love hormone' nasal spray could reduce calorie intake in men

Researchers have found that administering a nasal spray containing oxytocin led to men consuming less calories in a subsequent meal than those who received a placebo spray.

Medical News Today: Losing just half an hour of sleep 'can impact body weight and metabolism'

By accumulating 'sleep debt' throughout the week, we put ourselves at increased risk of obesity and metabolic problems, according to new findings presented at ENDO 2015.

Medical News Today: New insights into brain inflammation may explain residual disability after stroke

A protein that is only present in damaged brains and absent from healthy brains persists in stroke patients' brains long after the event and may explain residual disability.

Medical News Today: Divorce is a more likely end to marriage when wife is seriously ill

A 20-year study of older married couples finds that risk of widowhood went up when a spouse fell ill, but the risk of divorce only went up when a wife became ill.

Medical News Today: A family history of prostate cancer may increase women's risk for breast cancer

A new study finds women who have a first-degree relative with prostate cancer - such as a father, brother or son - may be more likely to develop breast cancer after the age of 50.

Medical News Today: 12 early signs that you might be pregnant

You may have an inkling that you are pregnant soon after you have conceived. Though you may experience some, all, or none of these, here are the MNT top 12 signs of pregnancy.

Sunday, 8 March 2015

Medical News Today: Tackling depression could reduce heart disease risk

A medical center's analysis of treatment records found severely depressed patients were less likely to suffer a cardiovascular event if they were receiving antidepressants.

Saturday, 7 March 2015

Medical News Today: Spouse 'more likely to increase exercise levels if other spouse does'

If a husband or wife increases their physical activity levels, their spouse is much more likely to follow suit, according to a new study by Johns Hopkins researchers.

Friday, 6 March 2015

Medical News Today: Suffocation increasingly used as suicide mechanism among young people

A report published this week has revealed that between 1994 and 2012, suicide rates by suffocation have increased greatly among adolescents, and particularly among females.

Medical News Today: Flame retardants used in cell phones, tablets 'may cause obesity'

Flame retardants used in cell phones and other electronic devices may be a cause of obesity, after researchers found they caused fat cell accumulation and weight gain in zebrafish.

Medical News Today: Nanoparticles carry drugs selectively to lung tumor sites

Scientists have created nanocarriers that can selectively deliver chemotherapy drugs locally to lung tumor sites without touching healthy tissue, potentially reducing side effects.

Medical News Today: Needle stick-injured Ebola doctor free of virus after vaccination

Postexposure injection for a single aid-working doctor's case suggests promise, so fast-tracking development of Ebola vaccines proven in animals 'is a matter of utmost urgency.'

ADHD plus childhood trauma heightens risk for self-harm, suicide

Findings add to growing body of evidence that environmental factors contribute to negative psychosocial outcomesYoung women with ADHD who have been exposed to abuse, neglect or other traumas in...

Medical News Today: Best exercises during pregnancy: the top 5

Exercise during pregnancy provides numerous health benefits to both the mother and baby. Maintaining fitness boosts mood, energy, sleep and prevents excess weight gain.

Thursday, 5 March 2015

Medical News Today: Heroin deaths in US 'quadrupled from 2000 through 2013'

A new report states that the number of heroin-related overdoses in the US have almost quadrupled since 2000, with most of this increase occurring between 2010 and 2013.

Medical News Today: New WHO guideline clamps down on intake of free sugars

In a new guideline, the World Health Organization states that daily free sugar intake should not exceed 10% of total energy intake.

Medical News Today: Reshaping tumor cells may be new way to treat breast cancer

A new study shows that the shape of a tumor cell can influence its response to inflammatory molecules in the immune system, so as to either drive or stop cancer.

Medical News Today: Could gout reduce the risk of Alzheimer's?

Patients with gout may have a 24% lower risk of Alzheimer's, according to new research, and it may be down to a neuroprotective effect of uric acid accumulation in the blood.

Wednesday, 4 March 2015

Medical News Today: Newly identified compounds in spider venom could help treat chronic pain

Using a new technology to screen venoms from 205 species of spider, researchers identified seven compounds that show promise for the treatment of chronic pain.

Medical News Today: NYC rats 'could transmit plague'

The first study of its kind since the 1920s finds that rats in New York City carry the Oriental flea, notorious for their role in transmitting the bubonic plague.

Medical News Today: Reduced heart function tied to raised risk of dementia, Alzheimer's

A new study finds that people with reduced heart function - as measured by cardiac index - are more likely to develop dementia and Alzheimer's disease.

Medical News Today: Adults over 30 'only contract flu twice a decade,' study suggests

A new study that suggests that adults aged 30 and older only catch flu an average of twice every 10 years, while children are likely to contract the virus much more frequently.

Medical News Today: How to control panic attack symptoms

A panic attack is an experience of sudden and intense anxiety. With treatment, symptoms of panic can be eliminated and control of your life can be regained - help is at hand.

Tuesday, 3 March 2015

Medical News Today: Minors 'can easily buy e-cigarettes via the Internet'

A study investigating compliance with an age-verification law has demonstrated that minors are easily able to circumvent age restrictions and purchase electronic cigarettes online.

Medical News Today: Risks of acetaminophen have been 'underestimated'

Acetaminophen is the most widely-used painkiller worldwide. However, a new systematic review finds that use of the analgesic is linked with numerous adverse events.

Medical News Today: Copper molecule shows promise in halting cancer spread

Researchers have made a copper molecule that binds to the DNA of cancer cells and stops them replicating. It also kills them more quickly than the widely used chemo drug cisplatin.

Medical News Today: Moderate coffee consumption linked to lower risk of clogged arteries

Researchers have found that people who drink between three and five cups of coffee a day have the lowest prevalence of clogged arteries.

Medical News Today: Eating nuts linked to 20% cut in death rates

Good health is affordable - that's the conclusion of new research that finds a link between lower death risk and a diet rich in nuts, peanuts in particular.

Monday, 2 March 2015

Medical News Today: Most doctors succumb to parents' requests to delay vaccinations, despite concerns

The majority of doctors receive parental requests to alter childhood vaccination schedules. Despite having concerns, most doctors agree to such requests, according to new research.

Medical News Today: Minimally invasive migraine treatment 'reduced painkiller use in 88% of patients'

A retrospective analysis of 112 patients with migraines or cluster headaches found that the new intranasal sphenopalatine ganglion blocks treatment improved symptoms by 36%.

Medical News Today: Scientists discover new mechanism that drives cancer spread

Scientists have uncovered a previously overlooked biological mechanism that switches on metastasis in cancer cells, enabling them to spread to other parts of the body.

Medical News Today: More than half of middle-aged adults at lifetime risk of CKD, study finds

More than 50% of adults currently aged 30-49 and 50-64 are at risk of developing chronic kidney disease at some point in their lives, according to new research.

Medical News Today: Kids who lack sympathy 'more likely to share if they respect peers' morals'

A psychological experiment involving sharing chocolate with a hypothetical peer shows that kids who have low levels of sympathy may share out of moral respect.

Sunday, 1 March 2015

Medical News Today: Beliefs about nicotine 'may override its effects on the brain'

Participants who believed their cigarettes were nicotine-free when they actually contained the substance displayed different brain activity as a result, according to new research.