Saturday, 28 February 2015

Medical News Today: Scientists discover part of brain that calculates the intentions of others

Scientists mapping monkeys' brains during tasks that require complex social anticipation believe their discovery could lead to treatments for autism and similar problems.

Friday, 27 February 2015

Medical News Today: Study reveals extent of impact on health from human trafficking

Survivors of human trafficking reveal the extent of their poor living and working conditions, accompanied with various associated health problems in a new study.

Medical News Today: Should America go vegan to ward off obesity and save the environment?

Separate reports from the Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine and Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee make the case for Americans to adopt a plant-based diet.

Medical News Today: Persistent insomnia linked to higher risk of death, study finds

A new study shows that people who experience persistent insomnia have a higher risk of inflammation and premature death than those who experience intermittent insomnia.

Medical News Today: Coffee intake linked to reduced risk of MS

Compared with people who do not drink coffee, those who consume at least four cups a day may be less likely to develop multiple sclerosis, according to new research.

Medical News Today: Economic crisis 'may explain rise in suicide rates among middle-aged adults'

A new study suggests the dramatic rise in suicide rates among middle-aged adults since 1999 could be explained by the economic recession of 2007-09.

Thursday, 26 February 2015

Medical News Today: Older people and eating disorders: not 'just a teenager's problem'

For National Eating Disorders Awareness Week, we take a look at how a sometimes overlooked group are affected by these debilitating diseases.

Medical News Today: ADHD 'doubles the risk of early death'

The symptoms of ADHD itself increase the risk of a premature death, in addition to a raised risk of substance use, a large study shows. Relative risk of early death was doubled.

ADHD 'doubles the risk of early death'

The symptoms of ADHD itself increase the risk of a premature death, in addition to a raised risk of substance use, a large study shows. Relative risk of early death was doubled.

Medical News Today: Graphene shows anticancer potential

New research shows graphene oxide may have potential as a new type of anticancer agent by selectively targeting cancer stem cells and stopping their proliferation.

Medical News Today: Could too much sleep increase the risk of stroke?

A new study suggests that, compared with people who sleep 6-8 hours a night, those who sleep more than 8 hours may be at 46% higher risk of stroke.

Medical News Today: Struggling with daily tasks may be warning sign for heart failure patients

Mayo Clinic researchers have found that heart failure patients who struggle with everyday tasks, such as getting dressed, are more likely to die or be hospitalized within 3 years.

Medical News Today: Daily antiretroviral medication 'highly protective' against HIV infection

Researchers have presented findings from a study demonstrating the pre-exposure prophylaxis reduced the risk of HIV infection by 86% among men who have sex with men.

Tuesday, 24 February 2015

Medical News Today: 'Bionic' eye allows man to see wife for first time in a decade

Thanks to a new bionic eye implant, a blind man is now able to reconstruct scenes and recognize objects and people - including his wife for the first time in a decade.

Medical News Today: Angry outbursts may raise the risk of heart attack

A new study by researchers from Australia provides further evidence that angry outbursts can trigger a heart attack - particularly in people at high risk.

Medical News Today: Bacteria exchange food via nanotubes

A new study shows the cells of some types of bacteria exchange essential nutrients via nanotubes connected to the cells of other types of bacteria.

Medical News Today: Frequent sauna use 'could reduce risk of cardiovascular, all-cause mortality'

A new study finds men who used a sauna at least twice a week were at much lower risk of cardiovascular and all-cause mortality than those who sauna bathed once a week.

Monday, 23 February 2015

Medical News Today: YouTube portrayals of drunkenness 'overwhelmingly positive'

Researchers report that popular YouTube videos concerning intoxication rarely demonstrate negative outcomes, and suggest the website could be used for a public health intervention.

Medical News Today: Study reveals how C. difficile disrupts the gut

Infection by C. difficile is a major public health threat. Most patients get it after taking antibiotics. Now, a study reveals in detail how the pathogen wreaks havoc in the gut.

Medical News Today: Gene identified that lays foundation for pancreatic cancer

Researchers have identified a gene that affects the structure of pancreatic cells, laying the groundwork for pancreatic cancer to develop.

Experts criticise 'inaccurate' view that B Vitamins have no role in Alzheimer's disease prevention

Patients in the very early stages of dementia could miss out on a potentially effective treatment after misleading research was published last year, say medical experts.

Medical News Today: Brain differences in preteens open to experimenting

Researchers found stronger links between the rostrolateral prefrontal cortex and the posterior insula and putamen brain regions in naturally explorative preteens.

Sunday, 22 February 2015

Medical News Today: Breastfeeding may influence immune system development in early life

In a series of studies, researchers identify a number of factors - such as breastfeeding - that may influence a baby's gut bacteria composition and their likelihood of allergies.

Saturday, 21 February 2015

Medical News Today: Daily cola 'raises cancer risk' due to caramel coloring

Caramel coloring in soft drinks creates a carcinogen during production, say researchers, producing a cancer risk above the acceptable level of one case in every 100,000 people.

Friday, 20 February 2015

Medical News Today: Injectable, 'self-healing' hydrogel may offer simpler form of long-term drug delivery

In a new study, MIT researchers reveal how they have created an injectable hydrogel that can deliver two drugs simultaneously over extended time periods.

Medical News Today: Camel antibodies ferry anti-cancer viruses directly to tumor cells

Since they can withstand the harsh conditions inside cells better than human antibodies, camel and alpaca antibodies may be ideal for carrying anti-cancer viruses to cancer cells.

Medical News Today: Women with MS may 'have lower levels of antioxidant, anti-inflammatory nutrients'

A new study finds women with MS may have lower levels of antioxidant and anti-inflammatory nutrients, though it is unclear whether this a cause or result of the condition.

Thursday, 19 February 2015

Medical News Today: Global obesity response is 'unacceptably slow,' according to experts

Improved training of health care professionals, tightened regulations and more healthy food programs are needed to counter growing obesity and an aggressive food industry.

Medical News Today: Clue found for older mothers' birth defect risk

Researchers believe they are closer to understanding why older mothers are at an increased risk of giving birth to babies with certain genetic disorders.

Medical News Today: Virus found in sewage shows promise in treating dental procedure infections

The idea of using viruses to fight stubborn bacteria is revived in a study that shows one isolated from sewage may prevent E. faecalis infection following root canal procedures.

Medical News Today: Every minute of activity may benefit heart health for mobility-limited older adults

In a new study, researchers found each minute of physical activity may be important for good heart health in older adults with limited mobility.

Wednesday, 18 February 2015

Medical News Today: Potential new vaccine 'blocks all known strains of HIV'

A new protein has been engineered to mimic the receptors HIV uses to anchor itself to host cells, preventing infection. Scientists believe it may form the basis of a HIV vaccine.

Medical News Today: Study identifies potential new drug target for MS

Researchers have created a peptide that they say effectively reduced nerve cell damage and improved neurological functioning in animal models of multiple sclerosis.

Medical News Today: Treatments to stop Alzheimer's step closer as scientists discover key inhibitor molecule

Scientists have identified a molecule that breaks the cycle of protein clumping that kills brain cells in Alzheimer's disease. They say it should be possible to find more like it.

Medical News Today: Medication to quit smoking gradually 'may be effective'

For smokers who are unable to quit the habit abruptly, a new study suggests a nicotine addiction drug called varenicline could help with gradual smoking cessation.

Medical News Today: 'Bird flu protection' given by seasonal flu vaccine

The annual preventive flu injection yields protection against the more dangerous avian strain H7N9 - a discovery that has led the researchers to call for universal vaccination.

Tuesday, 17 February 2015

Medical News Today: Simply eating more fiber could boost weight loss

A high-fiber diet may offer comparable health outcomes to the American Heart Association's diet while being easier to follow, according to a new study.

Medical News Today: Sexual frequency picks up after 50 years of marriage

Researchers have found that, after an initial decline, sexual frequency for married couples increases after 50 years of being together.

Medical News Today: Scientists seek to weaponize new family of bacteria to fight malaria

After discovering a new family of bacteria that uniquely colonizes disease-carrying mosquitoes, scientists are now investigating how to use them to fight the malaria parasite.

Medical News Today: Sleep quality could be improved with mindfulness meditation

A study comparing mindfulness meditation with sleep hygiene education found that meditation resulted in greater improvement in sleep quality for older adults.

Sleep quality could be improved with mindfulness meditation

A study comparing mindfulness meditation with sleep hygiene education found that meditation resulted in greater improvement in sleep quality for older adults.

A brain system that appears to compensate for autism, OCD, and dyslexia

Individuals with five neurodevelopmental disorders -- autism spectrum disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, Tourette syndrome, dyslexia, and Specific Language Impairment -- appear to compensate...

Monday, 16 February 2015

Medical News Today: Teenagers increasingly not getting enough sleep

Researchers have found that more and more teenagers are reporting obtaining less than the recommended amount of sleep every night.

Medical News Today: 'Numerous effects' of climate change on tropical diseases

Scientists reveal a variety of effects of climate change on different vector-borne diseases such as malaria, publishing ideas in a special issue of a journal of the Royal Society.

Medical News Today: Telescopic contact lens shows promise for AMD

Researchers are developing a telescopic contact lens and glasses duo that lets wearers choose to see things either at normal or nearly three times normal size.

Medical News Today: New, aggressive form of HIV identified in Cuba

A newly identified recombinant variant of HIV progresses to AIDS much faster than other known versions of the virus, often before the patient knows they are infected.

Nationwide survey reveals widespread use of mind and body practices

More Americans of all ages are rolling out their yoga mats in an effort to improve their health.

Sunday, 15 February 2015

Medical News Today: Marijuana use could explain excessive daytime sleepiness in some teens

Researchers identified marijuana in the urine of adolescents who had test findings consistent with narcolepsy, suggesting the drug could be linked to excessive daytime sleepiness.

Saturday, 14 February 2015

Medical News Today: Cancer care 'rated more highly' if patients can share decisions

A large survey of patients with lung or colorectal cancer suggests that if doctors involve them in decisions about treatment, they are more likely to be rated highly.

Friday, 13 February 2015

Medical News Today: Air pollution linked to increased risk of suicide

A new study associates short-term exposure to high levels of air pollution with increased risk of suicide, particularly among men and middle-aged individuals.

Medical News Today: Alligator blood may provide basis of wartime anti-infectives

Though they feast on carrion and live in bacteria-heavy swamps, alligators rarely become ill. As such, a new project is examining their peptides for developing military medicine.

Medical News Today: Increased hand washing has led to rise in dermatitis among frontline hospital staff

A new study reveals there has been a more than four-fold increase in dermatitis among health workers following increased hand hygiene to reduce hospital infections like MRSA.

Medical News Today: Healthy diet, exercise 'not enough to treat obesity,' say experts

Experts claim obesity is a chronic disease that can be driven by biological factors, therefore diet and exercise alone is not enough to treat it.

Medical News Today: Cancer patients make unreasonable demands 'just 1% of the time'

Survey of cancer professionals working in outpatient care finds the idea of demanding patients is a 'myth,' negating arguments that inappropriate demand drives up costs.

Thursday, 12 February 2015

Medical News Today: Sugar industry's attempt to influence public health policy is 'a major issue'

An investigative report by The BMJ exposes the extent of the sugar industry's financial stake in public health science. We speak to the journalist behind that report.

Medical News Today: Epilepsy drug shows promise for reducing stroke-induced brain damage

A drug FDA-approved for treating epilepsy - retigabine - may also be effective for reducing brain damage following ischemic stroke, according to a new study.

Medical News Today: Protein in fish skin may help wounds heal safely

A new study suggests collagen from fish skin might make an effective dressing for skin wounds without the disease risk that collagen from cows and pigs might carry.

Psychotherapy of depression saves costs

In the current issue of Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics a group of German investigators analyzes whether to treat depression with psychotherapy is worth the cost.

Medical News Today: Mortality risk 'two times higher' in people with mental disorders

People with mental health disorders have a mortality risk that is two times higher than that of the general population and those without such disorders, a new study finds.

Medical News Today: Air pollution risk for drivers waiting at red lights

A study has found that when drivers are stopped in their cars at red lights they are exposed to dangerously high levels of air pollutants.

Wednesday, 11 February 2015

Medical News Today: Chronic fatigue syndrome renamed and redefined

A committee convened by the Institute of Medicine proposes new diagnostic criteria and a new name for the condition that affects up to 2.5 million Americans.

Medical News Today: 'Long-term health benefits' for LGBT youth who come out during high school

Although coming out during high school carries risks of bullying, a study suggests that LGBT teens who do so report improved life satisfaction and self-esteem as young adults.

Medical News Today: 'Smart insulin' shows promise in mice with type 1 diabetes

One injection of a type of insulin that activates itself when blood sugar is high kept blood sugar levels normal for at least 14 hours in mice with a form of type 1 diabetes.

Energy drinks significantly increase hyperactivity in schoolchildren

Middle-school children who consume heavily sweetened energy drinks are 66% more likely to be at risk for hyperactivity and inattention symptoms, a new study led by the Yale School of Public Health...

Medical News Today: Mortality benefits of moderate alcohol use 'may be overestimated'

Researchers say past studies are likely to have overestimated the benefits of moderate alcohol consumption through weak adjustment of confounding factors and use of poor controls.

Tuesday, 10 February 2015

Medical News Today: Mercury exposure may be a risk factor for autoimmune diseases in women

Mercury exposure - even at levels considered safe - may raise the risk of autoimmune diseases in women of reproductive age, according to new research.

Medical News Today: Cooking unlocks calories in fat-rich foods

Humans crave fatty foods because they are calorie-dense - a survival advantage inherited from early man. Now, a new study shows cooking unlocks calories in fat-rich foods.

Medical News Today: Study finds no link between HPV vaccination and increase in STIs

New research into the prevalence of sexually transmitted infections also suggests that vaccination for the human papillomavirus is unlikely to promote unsafe sex.

Overweight children may be at higher risk of oesophageal cancer as adults

Overweight children may be at higher risk of oesophageal (gullet) cancer when they grow up than their slimmer friends, according to research published in the British Journal of Cancer.

Medical marijuana for children with developmental and behavioral disorders?

Despite lack of evidence, some are advocating cannabis for children with autism, reports Journal of Developmental and Behavioral PediatricsAs medical marijuana becomes increasingly accepted...

Medical News Today: '22 fraudulent clinical trials' on FDA radar 'hidden from journals and public'

Some 40% of the 57 clinical trials receiving official FDA action up to 2013 involved 'falsification' - yet there is 'no mention' of concerns in the published journal literature.

Monday, 9 February 2015

Medical News Today: A very low birth weight 'may increase risk of later-life psychiatric problems'

Babies born a very low birth weight may be at higher risk of psychiatric problems as an adult but at lower risk of alcohol and substance use disorders, a new study finds.

Medical News Today: Gestures and pictures 'boost foreign language learning'

A new study finds people learn foreign words more easily when using several sensory organs. In tests, foreign words with gestures or pictures outperformed verbal learning.

Medical News Today: Attractive men are more selfish, study finds

A new study finds men who are attractive are more likely to be selfish and less favorable of equality, which researchers say fits with people's perceptions of good-looking males.

Madigan Army Medical Center receives $1M to study alternative pain therapies

Researchers at Madigan Army Medical Center will soon start studying new ways to address chronic pain thanks to a $1 million, three-year research grant from the U.S.

Time-based training can decrease impulsivity, research finds

A study conducted by researchers at Kansas State University is the first to demonstrate increases in both self-control and timing precision as a result of a time-based intervention.

Medical News Today: Clinical signs for impending death in cancer patients identified

The identification of eight physical signs associated with death within 3 days for patients with advanced forms of cancer could help with clinical decision making and patient care.

Sunday, 8 February 2015

Medical News Today: Online comments on vaccination 'more influential' than official announcements

A new study suggests that reader comments on websites may sway people's viewpoints on vaccination more than official public service announcements.

Saturday, 7 February 2015

Could meditation reduce brain aging?

A new study by UCLA researchers found people who practiced meditation had much lower gray matter loss in widespread brain regions than those who did not meditate.

Medical News Today: Contraceptive implants and IUDs 'remain effective a year after expiry'

The cost and convenience of contraceptive implants in the arm or hormonal devices in the uterus may be improved by longer expiry dates, suggests study that is tracking pregnancies.

Medical News Today: Woman becomes obese after fecal transplantation from overweight donor

A new case report reveals how a woman who underwent a fecal microbiota transplantation from an overweight donor rapidly gained weight herself after the procedure.

Friday, 6 February 2015

Medical News Today: Women with type 1 diabetes 'twice as likely' as men to die from heart disease

A meta-analysis of 26 studies covering the period 1966-2014 finds that women with type 1 diabetes have a much higher risk of death than men with this condition.

Medical News Today: Study links coffee intake with reduced risk of endometrial cancer

Consuming three or four cups of coffee a day could reduce a woman's risk of endometrial cancer by up to 19%, according to new research.

Thursday, 5 February 2015

Medical News Today: Are ongoing concerns about vaccine safety to blame for the measles epidemic?

This year looks set to hold the highest number of measles cases since the virus was declared eliminated in the US. Are concerns about vaccine safety to blame? We investigate.

Medical News Today: Several mental disorders share changes in certain brain regions

A review of multiple brain imaging studies has found that some mental disorders share gray matter loss in the same three brain regions, raising the possibility of common therapies.

Medical News Today: Scientists create eyeglasses that become shaded 'on command'

Scientists are developing a material that allows wearers of eyeglasses to make them turn from clear to shaded and back again when they want them to, rather than reacting to light.

Medical News Today: Smartphone accessory diagnoses HIV and syphilis in 15 minutes

Researchers have developed a low-cost smartphone accessory that can rapidly diagnose HIV and syphilis from just a finger prick of blood.

Wednesday, 4 February 2015

Medical News Today: Three-person IVF set to pass into UK law

UK MPs have voted in favor of allowing embryos to be made from the sperm of one man and the eggs of two women to prevent inherited diseases due to flaws in mitochondrial DNA.

Medical News Today: 'Around 60%' of Ebola donations yet to reach affected countries

A new report finds that only around $1.9 billion of a total of $2.89 billion pledges to the Ebola crisis have actually been received by affected countries.

Tuesday, 3 February 2015

Medical News Today: Strenuous jogging may do more harm than good, study finds

Light jogging is best for reducing mortality, finds a new study, while strenuous jogging may be no better for health than being sedentary.

Nexium control now available without a prescription in UK

Pfizer is pleased to announce that the MHRA has approved the reclassification of the well-established proton pump inhibitor (PPI) Nexium Control (esomeprazole), making it available for consumers to...

Medical News Today: Two military medics back in UK for Ebola monitoring

Two UK military health care workers have been transported back to England from Sierra Leone after becoming exposed to Ebola via needle-stick injuries while treating patients.

Monday, 2 February 2015

Medical News Today: CDC: most commercial foods for infants, toddlers contain too much salt, sugar

In a new study, researchers from the CDC find that more than 70% of commercial meals for toddlers contain too much salt, while many other foods and snacks contain too much sugar.

Common pesticide may increase risk of ADHD

Rutgers study suggests that pregnant women and young children are more susceptibleA commonly used pesticide may alter the development of the brain's dopamine system -- responsible for emotional...

Medical News Today: 'Visceral fear stops many attending cancer screening' - even those who wished to go

A number of different forms of fear affect the uptake of cancer screening, according to a large analysis of people invited for colorectal cancer testing.

Sunday, 1 February 2015

Medical News Today: Distraction techniques may reduce pain, anxiety during conscious surgery

Researchers form the UK found that having a conversation with a nurse, watching a DVD or using stress balls reduced pain and anxiety for patients undergoing varicose vein surgery.